Part 2 -CASE LAW

 

*

Cases and decisions of reference are published in a chronological order and classified by volume.

Partie's names and comments are mentioned where relevant.

 

N° 1

 

I/ Lebanese Case Law

 
A/ Courts Judgments  


a- Domestic Arbitration

59 

1 - Arbitral award - Recourse - Acceptance - Omissions of arbitrator - Foreign currency - Contradiction -Annulment - Interpretation. Court of Appeal of Beirut, 1st Section, Decision of 10/11/1987.

60

2 - Arbitration - Court of Appeal - Competence - Obligations of arbitrator - Annulment - Privity of contracts. Court of Appeal of Beirut, 1st Section, Decision of 10/11/1987(Kassabian / Bank Pharaon & Chiha)

60

3 - Arbitral award - Recourse - Effects - Discharge - Public policy - Statute of Limitation - Commencement. Supreme Court, 1st Section, Decision No 5 of 4/ 1/ 1990. (Geitani / Engineering & Construction Company)

61

4 - Amiable composition - Arbitrators - Competence - Arbitrator's task Supreme Court, 1st Section, Decision No 9 of 13/ 12/ 1990. (Achkar / Bitar)

61

5 - International arbitration - Condemned party not party to the arbitration - Rejection of international arbitration award - Annulment (No). Supreme Court, Decision No 13/1991 of 25/ 4/ 1991. (Mohammad Tamin Salaheddine Khayat /Oxford University Publishing Company). 

62

6 - Drafting of the Arbitration Agreement : Amendments and corrections. Supreme Court, 2nd Section, Decision No 22/93 of 8/4/1993. (Jean Tamer & Abdo Chemaly / Antoine Chahine & Sons Company)

62

7 - Challenge to arbitrator -Voice recording. Tribunal of 1st Instance of Beirut, 3rd Section, Decision No 98 of 31/ 8/ 1993 (Popular Credit Bank / Katrib).

62 

8 - Recourse - Challenge to arbitrator - Appeal - Privity of arbitration - Quality of Attorney - Previous opinion of the arbitrator - Evidence (writing or confession) - Secret voice recording. Court of Appeal of Beirut, 9th Section, Decision No 766/ 93, of 15/ 12/ 1993 (Popular Credit Bank / Mr. Maurice Baz, Arbitrator Mr. Joseph Abou Charaf and Mr. Michel Joseph Katrib; Reversal of arbitral award decision which has decided to reject the appeal against the decision of the Tribunal of 1st Instance of Beirut, 3rd Section, Decision No 225/ 93 of 31/ 8/ 1993). 

63 

9 - Arbitral award - Conditions - Possibility to appeal - Recourses. Court of Appeal of Beirut, 9th Section, Decision No 93/94, (Kamel / Zouein Mouniι)

63

10 - Arbitration - Recourse - Impartiality of arbitrator - Adversity - Evidence - Quality. Court of Appeal of Beirut, 9th Section, President Tabbarah, Decision No 766/ 1993, of 5/ 12/ 1994. (Popular Credit Bank S.A.L. / Dr. Edouard Eid). 

64

11 - Arbitrator - Challenge - Adjudication - Appellant not party - Statute of limitation Bar. Court of Appeal of Beirut, 9th Section, Decision No 94 of 21/ 2/ 1994 (Kmati & others / Tabet).

64 

12 - Recourse in cassation against an arbitral award - Acceptance of cassation. Tribunal of 1st Instance of Beirut, 3rd Section, Decision No 65 of 22/ 3/ 1994. (Souleiman Hector Franjieh / Emile Khoury, Antoine Amin El-Khoury & Khalil Amin Khoury).

65

13 - Arbitral award - Annulment - Cassation (no) *. Supreme Court, 1st Section, Decision No 20/1994 of 5/4/1994 (Abd el Rahman Al-Tabchi / Mohammad Aref Abou Zanja).

65 

14 - Arbitral award - Recourses - Annulment. Court of Appeal of Beirut, 3rd Section, Decision No 19/1994, of 14/ 4/ 1994. (Helou / Helou).

66

15 - Constitution of the arbitration panel. Supreme Court, 1st Section, Decision No 24/94 of 26/ 4/ 1994 (Edouard Eid / Popular Credit Bank).

66 

16 - Arbitral award - Appeal - Annulment - Cassation - Adjudication -Possibility of cassation of the award (No). Supreme Court, 1st Section, Decision No 32 of 14/ 6/1994* (Emile Fares El Kousseifi / Byblos Tourism Company S.A.L.)

67 

17 - Arbitral award - Ordinary recourses - Cassation - Waiver - Admissibility - Foreign currency - Borrowing in dollars. Supreme Court, General Assembly, Decision No 37/94 of 30/6/1994, by majority with two dissident opinions (President Roger Chidiac & President Monah Mitri), case note by Dr. Abdo Ghossoub.The Lebanese Company for Construction & Development (Kassabian / Bank Pharaon & Chiha S.A.L.)

71

18 - Arbitral award - Recourse - Fees - Exequatur - Appeal - Fixed fee and not proportional fee - Evaluation. Court of Appeal of Beirut, 9th Section, Decision Number 186/94 of 11/7/1994, (The Lebanese Steel Company / Teissen Stal Union). 

72

19 - Arbitral award - Motivation - Arbitration or Amiable Composition - Express terms - Competence - Principles - Annulment - Effects on competence of the court - Procedure - Place of issue - Binding effect - Final character - Waiver - Minutes of arbitration. Court of Appeal of Beirut, 9th Section, Decision Number 4/94 of 17/10/1994, President, Tabbarah, Choueiri, and Ajlani (Fadi Yammine & others vs. Mobayed).

73

20 - Arbitral award - Appeal - Annulment - Restrictive interpretation - Compromise - Waiver - Annulment procedure - Annulment of the arbitral award - Non registration in the Real Estate Register - Statute of Limitation. Court of Appeal of Beirut, 9th Section, Decision Number 1017 of 29/12/1994. (Traboulsi & Haidar / Hamami & Choueikati, Jaber & Kajal). 

 

* See Abdo GHOSSOUB, comments on No 17.

74 

21 - Challenge of the arbitral award before its notification - Conditions - Production of ordinary copy - Waiver - Arbitration clause - Arbitration agreement - Duration of arbitration - Extension - Deliberation - Signature - Exequatur. Court of Appeal of Beirut, 9th Section, Decision Number 1019 of 29/12/1994 (Consumer Cooperative / Salameh).

75

22 - Arbitration procedure - Annulment - Representation - Principles - Capacity - Minority - Custody - Non representation of one of party one - Nullity - Public policy - Challenge - Duration - Third party - Notification - Effects. Court of Appeal of Beirut, 9th Section, Decision of 30/1/1995. (Khalil / Souren Khanamerian).

75

23 - Arbitration panel - Constitution - Absence of the chairman - Annulment. Court of Appeal of Beirut, 9th Section, Preliminary Decision of 23/1/1995. (Itani / Chaοb).

76 

24 - Foreign ownership - Public Policy - Lease agreement - Promise to sell - Decision to buy - Amiable composition - Option on time - Extension. Court of Appeal of Beirut, 9th Section, Decision Number 267/95 of 16/3/1995 (AssociationTerre des Hommes / Mohammad Bassam Amine & wife).

77 

25 - Arbitration - Consolidation - Admissibility of appeal - Validity - Denaturation. Supreme Court, 1st Section, Decision Number 13/95 of 30/3/1995 (Michel Boutros Helou / Antoine Boutros Helou) 

78 

26 - Annulement of an arbitral award - Apparent Proxy - Adversarial procedure. Court of Appeal of Beirut, 9th Section, Decision Number /95/ of 13/11/1995 (Morico Enterprise / Vision Company). 

 

 

b/ International arbitration in Lebanon

 

79 

27 - Exequatur - Foreign arbitral award - Arbitration clause - Option of arbitration - Agreement - Opposition - No exequatur . Supreme Court, 1st Section, Decision Number 11 of 27/4/1987 (International Company for Middle East & Africa / Mita Import-Export). 

80 

28 - Commercial agency - Arbitration - Appeal - Admissibility of cassation - Waiver - Public policy - Settlement - Civil procedure - Motivation. Supreme Court, 1st Section, Decision Number /16/ of 7/7/1988 (Gιrard Fortier Company / Georges Abou Adal Enterprise). 

81

29 - Exequatur - Arbitration clause - Admissibility - Applicable law (Law of 1983) - Award based on previous law - Relative effect. Court of Appeal of Beirut, 1st Section, Decision Number /227/ of 11/7/1988 (Khayat / Oxford University Publishing Company).

82

30 - International arbitration - Foreign award - Condemned party not party to the arbitration - Rejection of the award - Annulment (no). Supreme Court, Decision No 13/1991 of 25/ 4/ 1991. (Khayat v.Oxford University Ed.). 

82

31 - Exequatur - Arbitration - Foreign award - Opposition - Effects - Suspension - Supreme Court, 2nd Section, Decision Number /13/ of 18/2/1993. (Eid Case).

82

32 -Commercial agency - Exclusivity - Termination of the agreement - Arbitration clause - Protection of agent - Public policy - Article 5, Legislative Decree No 34*. Tribunal of 1rst Instance of Beirut, 4th Section, Decision No 149/2914 of 16/6/1993, (Rodolphe Saadι & Co S.A.L. / Cypriot Airlines).

83 

33 - International arbitration - ICC award - International agency - International Agencey - Ultra vires - Violation - Law-Decree N° 34/67 - Lebanese courts - Law - Competence*. Court of Appeal of Beirut, 14th Section of 2/9/1993.(Middle East Telecommunications SAL / OKAI Electric Industry Company SARL).

83

34 - Commercial agency - Arbitration - Arbitration clause - "Company de facto " - "Company created de facto" - Private international law . Tribunal of first instance - 3rd Section specialized in commercial matters - Decision Number 2898/92 of 3/2/1994 (Kazzi & Co S.A.L. / Bell's Whisky & United Distilleries Company B.L.S.)

84 

35 - Exclusive agency - Merger -Agreement Succession - Korean Arbitration Panel - Appreciation. Tribunal of first instance - 3rd Section - Preliminary Decision of 5/4/1994 (Middle East for development Company / Comho & Zeinoun). 

 

* See case note by Nathalie NAJJAR, on page 57 (part I). 

 

 

B - Lebanese and Foreign Arbitral Awards.

 

86 

36 - Company's exploitation agreement - Domestic arbitration - Termination of contract - Admission of arbitration - Fictitious character - Additional request - Arbitration object - Change - Evaluation - Down payment - Arbitration fee. (Arbitral award of 24/ 6/ 93 issued by President Youssef Saadallah El Khoury, Mr. Edmond Rizk and Dr. Ibrahim Najjar, with partial dissident by Dr. Ibrahim Najjar (VDL/JH).

86 

37 - Banks - Domestic Arbitration - Arbitrator - Trading in Dollars - Interest. Arbitral award of 7/3/86 issued by the arbitrator Mr. Emile Abou Kheir (LTA / BPC).

88

38 - Commercial agency agreement between an Italian and Saudi - International arbitration - Application of Islamic law - Execution (No) - Trade Promotion (No)- Compensation. Arbitral award of 27/8/94 issued by an Arbitration Panel composed of Attorneys Abdo Oueidate, Walid El-Nakib, Abd- El Latif Kassem (PV / RS).

89

39 - Promise to sell a foreign tenant - Arbitral award - Real Estate Register - Lebanese public policy - Option - Nature - Application of the Foreign Ownership Law -Statute of limitation - Extension- Equity principles - Powers of the amiable compositeur . Arbitral award of 17/1/94 issued by the amiable compositeur Professor Hassan Rifaat (TDH / MBA). 

 

 

II/ Arab Case Law  

 

A/ Court decisions

 

Egypt

 

93 40 - The most important principles found by the Egyptian Supreme Court in civil and commercial Arbitration.

104 

41 - The Extracted principles from the Arbitral Awards given under the authority of Cairo Regional Center for International Commercial Arbitration. 

106 
108 
110

Jordan :

 42 - Decision of 8/3/1987.

43 - Decision of 28/8/1991. 

44 - Decision of 6/2/1992. 

B/ Legal Principles and arbitral awards 

 
a/ Egypt  


113 45 - International arbitration - Cairo Regional Center for International Commercial Arbitration - Uncitral - International sale contract - Public tender - Arab and European companies - CAF Free out - Egyptian law - International custom - Obligations - Summary courts - Compensation. Decision of 24/9/ Cairo Regional Center for International Commercial Arbitration 

114

b/ Sultanate of Oman

 
46 - Legal principles adopted by the Court, judicial year 1986-1987.* 

 

 

N° 2

 

I- Lebanese Case Law

 

Arbitral Awards

 

1- Court of Appeal of Beirut, 9th Section, dated 11/7/1996, No 134/94,

2- Award of Mr. Chafic AL-WAZZAN of April 20, 1994 (Jammal Trust Bank & Safa)

 

II- Case Law in the Arab Countries

 

Jordan

 

48 2- Supreme Court, No 874/86, of 8/3/1987.

49 3- Supreme Court, No 768/91, of 6/2/1992.

51 4- Supreme Court, No 47/91, of 28/8/1991.

Page

 

Syria

53 5- Supreme Court, First Civil Section, No 306/95 of 26/9/1995.

53 6- Tribunal of First Instance of Damascus, 6th Section, No 662/95 662/95 of 19/6/1995.

54 7- Supreme Court, General Assembly, No 9/95 of 6/2/1995.

55 8- Supreme Court, third Civil Section, No 661/95 of 30/5/1995.

56 9- Supreme Court, third Civil Section, No 2974/93 of 10/11/1993.

56 10- Supreme Court, third Civil Section, No 949/94 of 27/3/1994.

57 11- Supreme Court, third Civil Section, No 958/94 of 27/3/1994.

 


N° 4

 

 

- Comments on the ICC award in the case No 7418/95, By Fady Ziadι. 

 

 

N° 7

 

 

I - Lebanese Case Law

 

A - Courts Decisions.

 

1 - Tribunal of 1st Degree of Beirut, 2nd section, Decision  n° 197/3 of 27/12/1991.
2 -  Court of Appeal of Beirut, 9th section, Decision n° 766/93 of 27/12/1993.
3 - Court of Appeal of Beirut, 9th section, Decision of 31/1/1994.
4 - Court of Appeal of Beirut, 9th section, Decision of 5/4/1994.
5 - Court of 1st Degree of Beirut, 1st section, Decision n° 535/94 of 22/12/1994.
6 - Court of Appeal of Beirut, 1st section, Decision n° 1086/95, of 23/11/1995.
7 - Court of Appeal of Beirut, 9th section, Decision of 22/1/1996.
8 - Court of Appeal of Beirut, 9th section, Decision of 11/4/1996.
9 - Court of Appeal of Beirut, 9th section, Decision n° 65/92 of 4/11/1996.
10 - Court of Appeal of Northern Lebanon, 2nd Section, Decision n° 222/96 of 2/5/1996.
11 - Court of Appeal of Beirut, 9th section, Decision of 20/5/1996.
12 - Court of Appeal of Beirut, 9th section, Decision n° 40/97 of 13/1/1997.
13 - Referee, Beirut Decision of 22/1/1997.
14 - Court of Appeal of Beirut, 1st section, Decision n° 192/97, of 18/2/1997.
15 - Court of Appeal of Beirut, 9th section, Decision of 10/3/1997.
16 - Supreme Court, 2nd section, Decision  n° 19/97 of 18/3/1997.
17 - Tribunal of 1st Degree, 4th Section, Decision  n° 117/97 of 27/3/1997.
18 - Court of Appeal of Beirut, 9th section, Decision n° 613/97 of 29/5/1997.
19 - Tribunal of 1st Degree of Beirut, 4th Section, Decision n° 319/97 of 23/10/1997.
20 - Supreme Court, 1st Section, Decision n° 29/97, of 18/12/1997.
21 - Supremme Court, 1st Section, Decision  n° 9/98 of 22/1/1998.
22 - Supreme Court, 1st Section, Decision n° 10/98  of 27/1/1998.
23 - Court of Appeal of Beirut, Decision of  4/3/1998 (Appel of decision rendered by the Tribunal of 1st Instance, Beirut, decision dated 23/10/1997).

 

B - Lebanese Internal Arbitral Awards.

 

24 - OUEIDAT (1997).
25 - GEDAY (27/7/1996).

 

II - Arab Case Law

 

A - Courts Decisions

 

- JORDAN
26 - Recourse n° 92/1992, Hearing of 14/2/1993.
27 - Recourse n° 19/1993, Hearing of 9/5/1993.

 

- UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
28 - Supreme Federal Court, Civil Section, Decision of  14/2/1995.
29 - Supreme Federal Court, Civil Section, Decision of 10/11/1991.

 

- TUNISIA
30 - Civil recourse of 17/3/1993.
31 - Civil cassation recourse of 17/31993.
32 - Civil cassation recourse of  10/11/1993.
33 - Court of Appeal,  14/6/1994.
34 - First Instance Tribunal,  27/1/1994.

 

- QATAR
35 - Appeal of 3/2/1997.

 

- EGYPT

36 - Court of Appeal of Cairo, 62nd Section, commercial, Decision of  19/2/1997.

 

B -  ARBITRAL AWARDS

 

37-  Partial Arbitral Award n° 95/97 (Regional Cairo Center for International Commercial Arbitration).


 

N° 9

 

DECISIONS IN FRENCH LANGUAGE

 

1- Arbitration - ICC - Exclusive distribution agreement in Lebanon. French Company - Lebanese law, law of the place of performance of the international contract. - Decree-law n°34/67 - Legality of arbitration - Mandatory rules - Public policy (no) - Effectiveness of the award - Arbitration clause - Text - Interpretation - Autonomy - power of the arbitrators. - Arbitrator - Internal public policy - Transnational rules. - Termination of an exclusive concession - Abuse - Motion - Legal cause - Damages - Elements - Evaluation.

ICC award - Case n° 8606/AC - Sole Arbitrator - Mr. Kamel BEN SALAH (Tunisia) - Paris, July 21, 1997 - Tradax S.A.L. (Lebanon) vs. Laboratories VALDOR S.A. (France).

 

 

N° 10

 

CASE-LAW

A- LEBANESE COURT’S DECISIONS

 

60 - 1- Supreme Court, 1rst Section, N° 8/98 of 17/11/98

63 - 2- Supreme Court, 1rst Section, N° 104/98 of 10/12/98

65 - 3- Supreme Court, 4th Section, N° 6/98 of 19/3/98

65 - 4- Court of Appeal of Beirut, 1rst Section, of 2/2/99

71 - 5- Court of Appeal of Beirut, 12th Section, N° 1004/98 of 15/7/98

- 6- Court of Appeal of Beirut, 12th Section, N° 936/98 of 8/7/98

78 - 7- Chairman of the tribunal of 1rst instance of Beirut, 3rd Section, of 18/5/95

 

 

B- LEBANESE ARBITRAL AWARDS

 

79 - Ad hoc arbitration award reviewed in appeal by the Court of Appeal (hereabove N°1004/98) of 4/9/1997

87 - Ad hoc arbitration award, of the 19/6/1998

 

C- ARAB AND INTERNATIONAL DECISIONS

 

EGYPT

 

95 - Administrative Court, Section of Administrative Contracts and indemnifications of 10/5/98 97 - Tribunal of 1rst instance of South Cairo, First Civil Section, of 27/1/98

99 - Arbitration rules of Saudi Arabia, its decree of application, the decision of the Council of Ministers of 27/5/85 and the Royal Ordinance of 25/4/83

 

 

N° 11

 

 

LEBANESE COURTS’ DECISIONS

 

17 1- Court of Appeal of Beirut, 1st section, Decision n° 1259 of 17/10/1968

19 2- Court of Appeal of Mount Lebanon, Decision n° 492 of 1/7/1970

20 3- Tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 5th section, n° 86 of 16/4/92

21 4- Tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, n° 303/2588 of 22/12/93

24 5- Tribunal of 1st instance of Mount Lebanon, 3rd section, n° 123/95 of 12/10/95

35 6- Supreme Court, 4th section, n° 1/98 of 27/1/98

36 7- Tribunal of first instance of Mount Lebanon, 2nd section, n°88/98 of 13/2/98

37 8- Judge of Metn District n° 49/98 of 1/4/98

38 9- Tribunal of 1rst instance of Mount Lebanon, 3rd section, n° 204/98 of 10/7/98

39 10- Supreme Court, 5th section, n° 85/99 of 8/6/99

 

ARAB DECISIONS

 

JORDAN

41 1- Supreme Court, of 29/12/97

42 2- Supreme Court, of 30/12/97

43 3- Supreme Court, of 3/6/98

44 4- Supreme Court, of 7/6/98

45 5- Supreme Court, of 12/10/98

 

 

N° 13

 

 

-1- Chairman of the Tribunal of First Instance of Tour, of January 27, 1994.

18-2- Tribunal of Frist Instance of Tunis, of October 8, 1994.

19 -3- Tribunal of First Instance of Tunis, of April 4, 1995.

25 -4- Supreme Court, of July 3, 1995.

30 -5- Court of Appeal of Tunis, of October 16, 1996.

32 -6- Court of Sppeal of Tunis, of November 20, 1996

34 -7- Court of Appeal of Tunis, of June 4, 1997.

39 -8- Court of Appeal of Tunis, of November 17,1997.

41 -9- Court of Appeal of Tunis, of January 27,1998.

46 -10-Court of Appeal of Tunis, of January 27,1998 (the same day than the previous decision ?

47 -11-Court of Appeal of Tunis, of February 10,1998.

57 -12-Court of Appeal of Tunis, of March 11,1998.

59 -13-Court of Appeal of Tunis, of March 17,1998.

61 -14-Court of Appeal of Tunis, of May 26,1998. 63 -15-Court of Appeal of Tunis, of January 12,1999.

65 -16-Court of Appeal of Tunis, of May 4,1999.

 

 

 

N° 14/15

 

II- COURT DECISIONS AND ARBITRATION AWARDS:

 

54           A- Arbitral awards

 

                 - 1- Lease Contract: Award of Mr. M. EL KAοSSI, of April 10, 1999.

55           - 2- Solidere: Award of Mr. N. TYAN, of September 30,1999.

69           -3- Leasing: Award of Mr. M. HARMOUCHE, of January 21, 2000.

78             -4- Contract – Inexecution : Award of Mr. S. AOUN, of February 21, 2000.

85           -5- Contract – Unilateral termination : Award Mr. R. MAALOUF, of April 3, 2000.  

 

B- Court decisions

 

a- International Arbitration

95           -1- Court of Appeal of Beirut, Third Section, No 764/99, of June 3, 1999.

99           - 2- Court of Cassation, First Section, N°77/99 of June 17,1999.

 

b- Internal Arbitration

 

102         - 3- Court of Cassation, First Section, N°84/99, of June 22,1999.

109         -  4- Tribunal of First Instance of Beirut, Fifth Section, N°1425/99, of November 11, 1999.

110         -5- Tribunal of First Instance of Beirut, Civil Section, of December 9, 1999.

110         -6- Court of Cassation, First Section, N°108/99, of December 10, 1999.

113         -7- Court of Appeal of Beirut, of December 17, 1999.

116         - 8- Court of Cassation, First Civil Section, N°112/99, of December 21,1999.

117         -9- President of the Tribunal of First Instance, N°551/99, of December  27, 1999.

119         -10- Tribunal of First Instance of Mount Lebanon, Third Commercial Section, N°996/99, of December 29,1999.

122         -11- Court of Cassation, First Section, N°5/2000, of January 21,2000.

125         - 12- Court of Appeal of Beirut, Third Section, N°211/99, of March 2nd, 2000.

126         - 13- Court of Appeal of Beirut, Third Section, of May 4th, 2000.

130         -14- President of the Tribunal of first instance of Beirut, of July 6, 2000.

 

 

N° 16

 

B. CASE LAW 

 

1. ARBITRATION AWARDS 

 

a. Lebanese Awards

--No. 1- Arbitrator and liquidator at the same time– amiable composition based on equity—extension of the term of the arbitration – limited partnership – expiration of the term of the company—liquidation—substitution of the liquidator for the manager personality of the company during its liquidation.

Award of M.W. TABBARA, of 31 August 1999 (Merhej/Moujaess).

 --No. 2 and 3- Leasing – non-payment of amounts due – agricultural machines – their restitution – application of contractual provisions – damages and interest – rectification of the arbitration award – deadline of six months from the date of signature of the Terms of Reference.

Award of M.I . NAJJAR, of 26 April 2000, No. 6/99 (Lebanese Center of Arbitration) and the rectifying award completing it of 23 June 2000 (Lebanese  Leasing Company S.A.L./Ezzedine and Omar).

 --No. 4- Power of attorney – arbitration clause signed by the principal – a general power of attorney is sufficient – amiable composition – disregard for the text of the law – parties’ right to defense and to due hearing – contract – impossibility of execution – Syrian armed force occupying the building – nullity of contract – restitution of money with interest and in a foreign currency. 

Award of the Arbitral Tribunal composed of M. Metri (President), Mrs. Nayla Obeid (dissenting) and M.A. Nasser, of 16 June 2000 (General Company for construction and investment S.A.L./KAIS).

 --No. 5—International arbitration in Lebanon – Arbitral award – execution abroad – New York Convention – American law of bankruptcy – force majeure – application of American law to a foreign company. 

Award of the Arbitral Tribunal rendered in Beirut by the tribunal composed of Mr. Hammoud, Mr. Faresi and Mr. Makarem, 27 May 1999, Kuwait Airlines/Falcon Company).

                                                                                        

b. Saudi Arabian Awards


--No. 1- Arbitration Award, 26/12/1995.
--No. 2- Arbitration Award, 31/12/1998.
--No. 3- Arbitraation Award, 27/7/1417 (a.h.).
--No. 4-Arbitration Award, 29/11/1419 (a.h.).
--No. 5- Arbitration Award, 19/8/1416 (a.h.). 
--No. 6-Arbitration Award, 29/11/1419 (a.h.). 

 

 

2. COURTS’ DECISIONS

 

--No. 1- Arbitration – Arbitration clause – judge of urgent causes – right of retention – bilateral contract – competence of judge of urgent causes – competence after submission of the case to the arbitrators.

CA North, 4th ch., no. 599/97, 29 December 1997 (Atlantic Oils and Mills/Arab International Oil Producing Company.

 --No. 2- Preliminary arbitration award– recourse against such award for expiration of the term of the arbitration – inadmissible – competence of the Court of Appeal (article 800, Code of Civil Procedure) – Nullity.

CA Beirut, No. 697/2000, of 15 June 2000 (Moujaess/Merhej).

 --No. 3- Aimable composition – expert  – right to defense – interruption of the term of the arbitration – mandatory mentions in the arbitration award – annulment request not serious – damages and interest.

CA Beirut, 3rd ch., no. 864/2000, of 13 July 2000 (Ammar/Daaboul).

 --No. 4- Aimable composition – arbitration award – exequatur – annulment request equivalent to recourse against the judgment granting the exequatur– arbritration agreement – tacit agreement – drafting the award – due hearing principle  – prejudicial question ­­­-- action in forgery.

CA Beirut, 3rd ch., No. 977/2000, of 7 September 2000 (Harake/Pharaon).

 --No. 5- Arbitration clause – arbitration in equity – reference to the code of civil procedure – validity of the clause (affirmative).

CA Beirut, 3rd ch., of 19/10/2000 (Tabbah/Tabbah).

-6- International Arbitration – amiable composition – waiver of the right of appeal –

 recourse to annulment remains possible – international arbitration award rendered in Lebanon – recourse to annulment in Lebanon – exequatur not required – due hearing procedure – foreign law – not produced and not discussed – annulment of the arbitration award.

CA Beirut, 3rd ch. no. 1135/2000, of 31 October 2000 (Kuwait Airlines/Falcon Company).

 

 

N°17

 

B- LEBANESE DECISIONS

 

1- ARBITRAL AWARDS

 

 No. 1- Arbitration - Confirmation of acts passed by the representative - Signature of the compromise and annexes (yes).

Constuction code – Permit for occupation of the premises - Condition for sale or rent - Commitment of the lessor - Member of municipal council - Special conditions offering stronger guarantees than the law-Authorised.

Arbiration award given by the Arbitral Tribunal Composed of M. MITRI, A. YAZEGI and M. BAZ, 7/6/2000 (A.A. Company/A.T.A Company).

 - No. 2- Arbitration - Companies - Real estate project - Acquisition by foreigners  Arbitration in equity - Nationality of partners - Nominative shares - Necessity of this mention in the Statutes - Shareholder actions - Annulment of contract.

Arbitration award given by the arbitral tribunal composed of P. KHAIRALLAH, E. GASPARD and G. ADOUAN, 10/8/2000 (Syrian Catholic Patriarchate/Promotion and Enterprise Company).

 

  2- COURTS DECISIONS

 

 A- International Arbitration  

 

- No. 1- International Arbitration - Foreign Company - Competence - Court of the place of Signature of the arbitration compromise - Arbitration clause  - Designation of arbitrator - Degree and method of his designation - Exclusive method (no) - Lack of cooperation of one of the parties in the designation of the arbitrator - Intervention of the judge (yes).

Court of Appeal of Beirut, 3rd Civ. Chamber, n° 232, 18/2/1999 (Sea Star Company/Azov Co.).

 - No. 2- International arbitration award - Rendered in a foreign country - Recourse in Lebanon (no) - Appeal against the decision of exequatur (yes) - Commercial representation - Trade protection in Lebanon - D-L n° 34/67 - Prohibition of recourse to arbitration - Violation of public order - Exequatur - Annulment.

Court of Appeal of Beirut, 3rd Civ. Chamber, n° 1011, 5/10/2000 (Jean Sami Haddad and Associates company/Lesco Mobilkit company).

 

B- International Arbitration

 

 - No 1- Arbitration - Penal law controls the civil law in the state - Identity with the penal process - Not necessary - Appreciation - Public Order.

Court of Cassation, 2nd Ch., 26/5/1986.

 - No. 2- Arbitrator - Arbitration clause - Method of designation of the arbitrator -  Cooperation of the judge - Examination of exceptions regardless of the merits - Not necessary.

Court of Cassation, 1st Ch., n° 3, 26/5/1988 (Mallat/Moghabghab).

 - No. 3- Arbitration - Object - Plurality of demands in dispute - Divisibility - Recourse to cancellation of the arbitration award - Request on the merits in a subsequent stage  -Possibility - Arbitration awards on the aforesaid right - Causes of nullity.

Court of Appeal of Beirut, 3rd Ch., n° 1010, 5/10/2000 (Harb/Mourad) 

- No. 4- Arbitration awards - Request for annulment - Causes of invalidity - Appeal (no) - Evaluation of compensation - Power of the arbitrator which motivates his award - Rights of defense - Definition.

Court of Appeal of Beirut, 3rd Civ. Ch., n° 221, 16/11/2000, (Solidere Co./Lebanese Hotels Company).

 - No.5- Arbitration - Extension - Tacit extension - New extension - Incident appeal -First memorandum in response - Absence of extention.

Court of Appeal of Beirut, 3rd Civ. Ch., n° 202/99, 16/11/2000 (Salha/El Aouar and others).

 - No. 6- Arbitration award - Annulment - Rights of the defense - Respect for imperative legal rules - Judged matter - End of litigation - Urgent and temporary measures  - Distortion of the parties’ demands - Denial of remedy.

Court of Appeal of Beirut, 3rd Civ. Ch., n° 1313, 5/12/2000 (Obegi Co./Mawassem Taanayel Co.).

 - No. 7- Arbitration clause - Promise of sale contract - Transfer of right of option by the beneficiary - Its maintenance in the contract.

Court of Appeal of Beirut, 10th Civ. Ch., 18/12/2000 (OFI Co./Development and Constuction Co. and Urban Construction Co.), followed by a commentary by Mr. Ibrahim NAJJAR.    

- No. 8- Arbitration in equity - Statutes of the company - Acquisition by foreigners of property rights - Arbitration award - Public order - Annulment of the arbitration clause - Control of the judge.

Court of Appeal of Beirut, 3rd Civ. Ch., n° 1417, 19/12/2000 (Promotion and Enterprise Company/Syrian Catholic Patriarchate).

- No. 9- Arbitration award - Appeal consisting of demand for cancellation  -Requalification by the judge - Violation of law - Causes of cancellation of sentence  -Leasing.

Court of Appeal of Beirut, 3rd, civ. Ch., n° 1439, 21/12/2000 (Ezzedine/Lebanese Leasing Co.).   

- No. 10- Arbitrational award - Motivation system - Confusion of grounds and system  -Possibility of execution - Indifference in the site of the system - Confirmation of the award.

Court of Appeal of Beirut, 3rd civ. ch., no. 269, 15/2/2001 (Khoury and others/Kataeb Party).

 

 

  2- ARAB ARBITRATION DECISIONS

 

 

 EGYPT

 

  a- International Arbitration

   - No. 1- International arbitration - Agreement on the application of a determined law  -Law linked to the litigation - Respect for the litigated conditions of contract and customers - Administrative contract - Definition - Functioning of a public service   -Exorbitant clauses of common law.

Court of Appeal of Cairo, 7th Commercial Section, 7/9/1999 (Public Transport Service/Italorc Co.).

 

  b- Internal Arbitration

 - No. 2- Arbitration Award - Recourse to cancellation - Causes of cancellation  -Evaluation of compensation without sentence - Ultra petita – Cancellation  -Incompetence of the court to examine the demand for compensation.

Court of Appeal of Cairo, 7th Commercial Section, n° 1560, 31/12/1998 (Misr Assurance Co./Nephtis Commercial Co.).

  - No. 3- Arbitration award - Defect in motivation - Absence of agreement of the parties - Cancellation.

Court of Appeal of Cairo, 8th Commercial Section, 23/3/2000 (Medical Bottle Co./H. Farm Co.)

  - No. 4- Arbitration award - Recourse in cancellation - Law of the date of its pronouncement.

Court of Appeal of Cairo, 62nd Commercial Section, 5/7/1999 (Egyptian Chamber of Commerce of Port Said/Saadallah and Azmi).

 - No. 5- Arbitration - Public order - Order of execution.

Court of Appeal of Cairo, 63rd Commercial Section, 24/6/1999 (Fiberwing Co./Arab Brothers Industrial and Agricultural Company).

  - No. 6- Arbitration - Designation - Associate or representative of a party - Possibility  - Quality of the arbitrator is limited to the President of the arbitral tribunal.

Court of Appeal of Cairo, 7th Commercial Section, 7/9/1999 (Kargil Co./General Petroleum Co. and Cairo Regional Center of International commercial Arbitration).

- No. 7- Arbitration - Arbitration agreement - Failure to mention the problems and disputes concerned - Nullity.

Court of Appeal of Cairo, 7th Commercial Section, 7/9/1999 (Ghorayeb/Rizk).

 

 

N° 18

 

 

           B. COURT DECISIONS

             

            1. LEBANON

 

            No. 1— Arbitrator - Behavior - Impartiality and objectivity - Liquidator of a company - Agent’s obligations - Accountiong - Difference with the arbitrator -  Combination of the qualities of arbitrator and agent in one person (no).

             Court of Appeal of Beirut, 1st ch., no. 1135, 12/10/1999.

            No. 2— Arbitration - Arbitrator - Designation - Judge making provisional rulings (no) - Public policy.

            Court of Appeal of Mount Lebanon, 4th ch., no. 138, 9/2/2001.

            No. 3—Arbitration - Points in dispute – Conclusions of the parties – Motivation for the sentence – Not detailed (possible) – Arbitrator – Powers – Assessment of the facts – Requalification of the contractual relationship – Development of the arbitration – Date of hearings – Verbal process – Official document.

            Court of Appeal of Beirut, 3rd ch., 22/3/2001 (Lebanese-Arab Hotel Co./Hecate Co.). 

No. 4—Arbitrator – Request for recusal – Extension (5 days) – Institutional Arbitration – Lebanese Centre for Arbitration –  Reference to its rules – Its              Adoption – Tacit withdrawal of appeal.

            Court of Appeal of Beirut, 3rd ch., no. 541, 29/3/2001 (Abou Nader/Lebanese Leasing Co. S.A.L.).

            No. 5—Arbitration award – Recourse – Requalification – Demand for repeal – Arbitration in equity – Not express – Recourse to equity by the arbitrator – Exceeding the mission entrusted to him – Repeal.

Court of Appeal of Beirut, 3rd ch., 26/4/2001 (Al Wahab/Abou Nassar).

            No. 6—Arbitration – Provisional measures – Consulted (yes) – Commercial representation – Stock – Illegal holding – Anonymous company – Demand for intervention – Urgency – Majority.

            Consultation judge of Baabda, 27/4/2001 (Boustany/Gemaco Co. S.A.L.).

            No. 7__Arbitration Award – Demand for annulment – Defect in mention of the place of pronouncement – Motivation – Arbitration in equity – No annulment – Referred provision – Provisional execution – Motivation (not necessary).

            Court of Appeal of Beirut, 3rd ch., no. 776, 3/5/2001 (Tourism Development Co./Assi).

            No. 8__ International arbitration - Arbitration award rendered in Syria - Lebanese - Syrian judicial agreement - Two exequatur in Syria and in Lebanon  -Demand for annulment in Lebanon (no) - Appeal in Lebanon (no) - Refusal of exequatur  Recourse (yes).

            Court of appeal of Beirut; 28/5/2001 (Senjab Trade Corporation / Senjab).

 

            2.  JORDAN

            No. 1 – 34: Decisions of the Jordanian High Court in arbitration matters.

 

 3. TUNISIA

-Decision of the Court of Appeal of Tunis, n° 64474, 3/10/2000, note by Mr. Ahmad Al WOURFALI.

 

 

N° 19

 

 

B- CASE LAW

 

- Lebanese Courts Decisions 

 

- N° 1- B.O.T. – Administrative contract – Ban of compromise clause – International arbitration – Incompetence of the arbitral tribunal – Concession to competitive character – Public policy – Ban on arbitration and bilateral (international) convention – Limitation of the domain of public policy by the State.

State Council, decision on appeal no 9573/2000, of 17 July 2001 (Lebanese State / F.T.M.L.) 

- N° 2- B.O.T. and arbitration – Compromise clause – Administrative contract – immediate application of legal texts unless impossible – Competence of administrative courts.

State Council, decision on appeal n°  9536/2000, of 17 July 2001 (Lebanese State / Libancell) following the report of M. Youssef NASR.

 

 Jordan 

The major principles of jurisprudence of the Court of Cassation in the matter of Jordanian arbitration between 1999 and 2001.  

 

 

N° 20

 

B- ARBITRAL AWARDS 

 

- N° 1- Arbitration - Leasing - Appointment of the arbitrator - Legal entity  -Acceptance of the arbitrators by the parties - Penalty clause - Compensation due to breach of contract - Previous determination - Reduction.

Award of the Arbitrator Mr. Raymond HARFOUCHE (Lebanese Arbitration Center) of December 13, 2000 (Lebanese Leasing Company S.A.L. / Labada)

 - N° 2- Arbitration - Legal Characterization - Not restricted to the description of the parties - Enforcement fine - Reduction (yes) - Penalty clause - Reduction (yes) - Joining of two compensations based on different damages.

Award of the Arbitrator, former Chairman of the Bar Mr. Samir ABILLAMAH (Lebanese Arbitration Center) of June 6, 2001 (Lebanese Leasing Company S.A.L. / Hobeiche).

 - N° 3- Arbitration - Leasing - Force majeure (No) - Impossibility of execution  -Penalty clause - Contractual damages - Enforcement fine - Reduction - Partial performance.

Award of the Arbitrator Mr. Fadi GEBRANE (Lebanese Arbitration Center) of June 19, 2001 (Lebanese Leasing Conpany S.A.L. / Atallah).

 

C- LEBANESE COURTS DECISIONS

 

 - N° 1- Contractual Arbitration - Substance of the dispute - Binding the arbitrator - Limits of the arbitrator’s powers - Renunciation to the arbitration procedure - Arbitration award - Inexistence - Lack of fundamental characteristics - Exequatur - Rejection.

Court of Appeal of Beirut, 3rd Section, Decision n° 686/2000 of June 8, 2000 (Fayad / Dennaoui).

 - N° 2- International arbitration - Definition - International State contract  -Criterion - Transfer of values over borders - Payment order issued by the competent administration - Existence of an arbitration clause - Opposition to the payment order - The arbitration clause does not stop enforcement.

Court of Appeal of Beirut, 10th Section, Decision n° 192/2000, of March 2nd, 2001 (Lebanese State / Bank of Lebanon).

 - N° 3- Arbitration award - Recourse to the Supreme Court - Formal conditions required for its admission - Certified copy of the decision of appeal - Payment of the duties of the decision of appeal.

Supreme Court, 1st civil section, Decision n° 68/2001, of June 13, 2001 (Geday / Commission for Liquidation of Banks and National Institute of Deposits Guarantee).

 - N° 4- Arbitration clause - Joint-stock Company - Matters suitable for arbitration - Non violation of public policy - Shareholders General Meeting  -Agenda of the meeting - Decisions concerning matters not included in the agenda - Relative nullity - Decision relating directly to the person requesting the nullity.

Tribunal of First Instance of Mount Lebanon, 2nd Section, Decision n° 25/2001 of June 25, 2001 (Boustany / Gemaco S.A.L.).

 - N° 5- Arbitration - Institutional Domestic Arbitration - Exequatur - Recourse decision (No) - Jurisdiction - President of the Tribunal of First Instance  -Exequatur decision - Annulment procedure - Appeal - Mandatory territorial jurisdiction - Pleading it in all levels of litigation.

Court of Appeal of Beirut, 3rd Section, Decision n° 1277/2001 of July 12, 2001 (Najarian / Najarian).

- N° 6- Arbitration - Challenge of the arbitrator - Analogy with the challenge of the judge - Special procedure for arbitration - Challenge of the arbitrator  -Reasons - Potential bias - Contradiction among two experts reports - Partiality (No).

Court of Appeal of Beirut, 3rd Section, Decision n° 1443 of October 11, 2001 (Aad / The arbitrator Mr. Ibrahim Traboulsi and other parties).

- N° 7- Arbitration - Duration - Six months period - Beginning of the period  -Extension - Procedure - Expressly - Implicitly - Power of the parties and of the arbitrator in the extension.

Court of Appeal of Beirut, 3rd Section, Decision n° 1444 of October 11, 2001 (Boustany / Dahdah).

 

D- TUNISIAN DECISIONS

 

- N° 1- Decision of the Supreme Court (Civil Section), n° 54672 of June 11, 1998 (Maniklem Company / Russel company).

- N° 2- Decision of the Court of Appeal (Civil Section), n° 39 of June 15, 1996 (Al Mahdia / Al Moutawassitiya Company).

- N° 3- Decision of the Court of Appeal (Civil Section). n° 61133 and n° 61134 of October 9, 1999 (Hadia Company / Jat Company).  

 

 

 

N° 21

 

B- CASE LAW: 

 

Lebanese Courts 

 

- N° 1- Domestic arbitation - Arbitration clause - Conservation measures - Urgent admission - Extreme urgency - Sequestration - Conditions - No urgency - Missions of the sequestrators - Commercial company - Liquidation  -Sequestration (No) - Independent lawsuit.

Baabda Civil Judge of Urgent Causes, Decision of April 27, 2001 (Boustany/Gemaco).

  - N° 2- International arbitration - New York Convention - Lebanese arbitration law - Principles more favorable to the validity of the arbitration award  -International public policy - Violation at the level of the grounds of the judgment and not of its results (No) - Applying the Estoppel rule - Invoking the matter of the invalidity of the arbitration clause for the first time in front of the judge of annulment - Rejection.

Supreme Court, Section 5, Decision No 141/2001 of November 20, 2001 (Lebanese Energy Company / Pancy Shipping Ltd).

 - N° 3- Domestic arbitration - Recourses - Cassation - Principle of contradiction in court - Company - Powers of the Chairman of the Board - Recourse against the arbitration award - Day to day operations included in his competence  -Protection of the company’s rights - Whoever tries to contest something that he himself has made shall fail - The Estoppel theory - Relativity of the arbitration award - Agreement to settle the dispute concluded with a party outside the arbitration procedure - Admission - Not binding for third parties.

Supreme Court, Section 5, Decision No 142/2001 of Nov. 20, 2001 (Kbaiter Industrial and commercial Company / Bsat Brothers S.A.L.).

 - N° 4- Arbitration - Exequatur - Arbitration award - Rejection of the exequatur request - Appeal made during the thirty days period - Recourses - Arguments of the parties - Amiable composition - Non-violation of public policy - Signing of the award - Absence of the signature of the award by all members of the arbitration panel.

Supreme Court, Section 5, Decision No 143/2001 of November 20, 2001 (Al-Awar / Salha).

 - N° 5- Domestic arbitration - Recourses - Conflicts of law in time - Appeal against the arbitration award - Old arbitration law - Judicial public policy  -Admission of the appeal against the arbitration in amiable composition  -Exequatur - Rejection of the appeal does not justify the rejection of the exequatur - No recourse against it - But the appeal against the arbitration award or the request of annulment leads automatically to a recourse against the exequatur decision itself.

Supreme Court, Section 5, Decision No 146/2001 of November 29, 2001 (Boustany / Bouary).

 - N° 6- International arbitration - Issued in the name of the Lebanese People  -That expression is void - It does not lead to the invalidation of the award  -Control of the facts and the applicable law in the award (No) - Control of the grounds (No) - Control of the respect of the rules of the law - Closing the debats - New facts - Neglect them or put them back in a contradictory debate.

Supreme court, Section 5, Decision No 163/2001 of December 27, 2001 (Falcon Fast Shipping Company / Kuwait Airlines Company).

 

 Egyptian Case Law

 

 - N° 1- Arbitration - Parties - Attorney at Law - Not a party.

Court of Appeal of Cairo, Commercial Section No 50, Decision of 15/6/1996 (Group of Engineers Consultants / Suez Aid Photo & Services).

 - N° 2- Arbitration - Court decision to reject the lawsuit - Appeal - No return of the lawsuit to the tribunal of First Instance - Appeal - Arbitration award - No mention of the place where it was issued - Effect.

Court of Appeal of Cairo, Commercial Section No 62, Decision No 8/1/1999 (Industrial and Enginneering Projects Company / Maady company for Development & Construction).

- N° 3- Arbitration - Lawsuit relating to the Constitution - Control - Arbitration  -Litigation - Rejection - Freedom of arbitration - Not mandatory.

High constitutional Court, Decision of 6/11/1999 (Starco Company for Hotel & Tourism / AHS International Company).

 - N° 4- Arbitration - Arbitration award - Annulment - Non-application of the law chosen governing the substance of the dispute.

Court of Appeal of Cairo, Commercial Section No 62, Decision of 5/1/2000 (City Flower Association for Construction / Abd el Salam).

 - N° 5- Arbitration - Arbitration agreement - Independent agreement or arbitration clause - Before or after the dispute has arisen - Necessity of precising the matters subjects of the dispute - Expert report - One of the proof methods - Appreciation by the arbitration panel.

Cairo Court of Appeal, Commercial Section No 7, Decision of 8/2/2000 (Chourouq Enterprises Company / Cooperative Association for Construction).

 - N° 6- Arbitration - International commercial arbitration - Cairo Court of Appeal - Competence.

Cairo Court of Appeal, Commercial Section No 62, Decision of 5/4/2000 (Alexandria Tersana Company / Samatour Maritime Company).

 - N° 7- Arbitration - Constitutionality - Principle of equality in front of the Law  - Competence.

High Constitutional Court, Decision of 6/1/2001 (Egypt International Hospital Company / Engineering Company for Constructions).  

 

 

N° 22

 

B- CASE LAW: 

 

Lebanese Courts’ decisions

 

- N° 1- Commercial agency - Arbitration clause - Exclusive agency  - Non demurrable - Competence of the Lebanese tribunal. 
Termination of contract - Action for damages - Damages and interests  -Revaluation with regard to the devaluation of the lebanese pound - Profit index of the last three years.

Supreme Court, 4th section, n°°34/2001, of 19/7/2001 (Cyprus Airways / Rodolphe Saadι and Partners SAL)

  - N° 2- Arbitration - Special Jurisdiction (No) - Arbitrators’ powers - Qualification of contract - Validity (yes) - Arbitration award - Annulment request - Recourses - Decisions issued during arbitration process - Recourse before delivery of the award (no) - Minutes of hearings - Signature.

Drafting of the award - Allegations of the parties - Location of their mention - Power of attorney - Appearance of the parties - Recourse (yes).

Supreme court, 5th section, n° 19/2002, of 19/2/2002 (Rayess / Sakr)

 - N° 3- Arbitration - Award - Signature by the clerk (no) - Intervention  -Inadmissible - Restriction of arbitration to the parties.

Supreme court,  5th section, n° 21/2002, of 19/2/2002 (Rayess / Sakr and Atouι)

 - N° 4- Arbitration - Exequatur - Decision to grant it - Separate recourse against the award (no) - Recourse against the arbitration award (yes) - Annulment of  the award and the exequatur decision simultaneously - No contestation of the validity of the decision which has granted the exequatur - No nullity without damage - Party attending with its representative - Power to submit to arbitration - Signature of the arbitration agreement - No unilateral withdrawal - Statement - Its determination - Its negligence.

Award - Not mentioning all details - Sufficiency of motivation - Signature and delivery of the award.

Supreme Court, 5th section, n° 22/2002, of 19/2/2002 (Abadi and Harakι / Pharaon)

 - N° 5- Arbitration award - Annulment request - Proportional tax (no) - Judicial connection - Plea - Annulment of the arbitration agreement - Annulment of the award.

Court of appeal of Beirut, of 25/2/2002 (Chamoun / Chamoun)

 - N° 6- Arbitration award - Arbitrator - Son of the lawyer of a party - His independence  -Challenge (no) - Nullity of the arbitration agreement (no) - The arbitrator is not party in the arbitration agreement - No necessity to inform the parties of the reason for challenge before the dispute - Unnecessary.

Supreme court, 5th section, n° 29/2002, of 28/2/2002 (Jezzini / Hamdane)

 - N° 7- Arbitration - Arbitration clause - Reference to the new code of civil procedure - Name of the arbitrator left blank - Competence of state courts to remove difficulties.

Supreme court, 5th section, n° 27/2002, of 28/2/2002 (Tabbah and Al-Jawaher / Boghossian)

 

 

 Egyptian Case Law

 

 - N° 1- Arbitration law - Its application to agreements signed before its coming into force - Formation of the arbitral tribunal - Causes of annulment of the award.

Court of appeal of Cairo, 50th commercial section, of 30/11/1999 (State Affairs Commission / Kiroula Company)

 - N° 2- Arbitration - Plea based on the existence of an arbitration clause - In limine litis - Annulment action - Causes - Conventional clause - Implied desistance.

Court of appeal of Cairo, 7th commercial section, of 7/12/1999 (Mustapha / Sonbol)

- N° 3- Arbitration award - Causes of annulment - Restrictive enumeration - Lack of signature of all the arbitrators - Date of appointment of the arbitrator - Challenge  - Arbitration clause - Autonomy (no)

Court of appeal of Cairo, 62d commercial section, of 5/4/2000 (Association for Housing Construction/ Sami Saad and Associates Company)

 - N° 4- Arbitrability of administrative contracts - Agreement of the competent minister - Procedure - Definition of the administrative contract.

Court of appeal of Cairo, 62d commercial section, of 7/6/2000 (Cattle Insurance Fund / Fanjari Company).

 

 

N° 23

 

B- CASE LAW 

 

FRENCH CASE LAW

 

 1- Arbitration - Amount provisionally allocated - Arbitration clause - Uncontested obligation - Exceptional Competence - Condition - Urgency.

French Supreme Court, 2nd Civil Section, June 13, 2002, (with the comments of Ibrahim NAJJAR) and March 7, 2002.

 

LEBANESE COURTS DECISIONS

 

 N°1- Arbitration - Arbitration award - Non-compliance with conditions of form - Nullity - Recourses - Exequatur - Autonomy principle - Rejection of the claim  - Claim accepted.

Supreme Court, 5th Section, N° 24/2002, of June 25, 2002 (Anouar Alameddine / Ibrahim El Said Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah & Co).

 N°2- Arbitration - Hiring-business managership - Remaining in the premises (No) - Expulsion - Arbitration clause - Arbitration ex aequo et bono - Incompetence.

Metn Unique Civil Judge deciding in lease matters - N° 50/2001 (Cecile Moussera / Melki & Kassis).

 N°3- Cassation - Petition for cassation - Annulment request - Lack of motivation and violation of the stipulations of Article 537 of the New Code of Civil Procedure - Violation of the defense rights - Arbitration ex aequo et bono  - Arbitration award - Nullity of the arbitration award.

Supreme Court, 5th Section, 25/6/2002 (Mourtada Hammoud, Abdallah Makri, Garabet Kalajian & Anouar El Zouheiri / Nadim Abou Khater & heirs of Karnik Hanzoughian).

N°4- Arbitration - Arbitration ex aequo et bono - Deliberation between arbitrators rule - Public Policy - Non - Compliance - Nullity - Exequatur (No).

Beirut first instance judge, 4th section, deciding in commercial matters, N° 1176/99/125 of June 8, 1999, (Kairouz / Kairouz).

 N°5- Arbitration - Arbitration ex aequo et bono - Discussion (deliberation) between arbitrators - Non-compliance - Nullity - Litigation publication (art 801 NCCP).

Beirut Court of Appeal, 1st section, of May 5, 2002, (Kairouz / Kairouz).

 N°6- Arbitration - Institutional arbitration - Objection against the arbitrator  -Period of limitation - Notification - Non observance of the rules governing jurisdiction - Parties’ agreement - Arbitrator independence.

Arbitral tribunal attached to the lebanese arbitration center, of 5/6/2002, (Mouawad Village Company and associates).

 N°7- Arbitration - Institutional arbitration - Objection against the arbitrator  -First instance court jurisdiction - Effect of parties’ agreement - Arbitration center - Corporate body - Arbitration organization - Grounds of objection against the arbitrator - Restrictive interpretation - Lebanese arbitration center.

Decision n° 46/74, of 23/8/2002, (Mouawad Village Brumana company SAL and Associates, with the commentary of Muhieddine Kaοssy).

 N°8- Arbitration - Arbitration in accordance withe rules of law - Appeal against the award - Financial institution - Commitment to establish a company for the acquisition of a land - Establishment of the company (No) - Payment of the balance of the price - Signature in favor of others (No) - Guarantor (No)  -Personal covenant - Estoppel theory - Sham mandate.

Beirut Court of Appeal, Civil Chamber, of 4/7/2002, (Arab Financial Institution/Mounib Saοkaly)

 

 

 ARBITRAL AWARDS

 

 Cairo Regional Center for International Commercial Arbitration

 - International Commercial Arbitration - Lebanese-Egyptian Convention  -Arbitration clause - Dispute submitted to Arbitration - Arbitration Procedure Hearings - Time-limits - Documents - Issues of procedure - Arbitration language  - Mission of the Arbitration Panel.

Exclusive agency - Renewal - Bilateral convention of protection of the investments and applicable law - Legal opinion regarding the bilateral convention - Accounting of the “Regie” - End of the exclusive concession and indemnification - Assets of the “Regie” - Loss of profits and debtors patrimonies - Premiums for production and export - Old yields - Future yields of the administrator - Loss of the shares - Dividends - Moral prejudice  -Calculation mistake - Damages caused by the Lebanese War and the Israeli Invasion - Indemnification of the losses resulting from smuggling - Advice fees  - Arbitration expenses.

Case N° 165/2000 of June 20, 2000, (Cairo Regional Center for International Commercial Arbitration).

 

 

N° 24

 

B- CASE LAW

 

a- LEBANESE COURTS DECISIONS

 

 N°1- Arbitration - Lebanese Arbitration Center - Arbitrator member of the arbitration Panel - Arbitration decision - Date of issue - Presentation of the decision project - Breach of the law - Annulment reason (No) - Motive  Desistance of arbitration - Special proxy.

(CA of Beirut, 3rd section, n° 1628, 24/10/2000, Al Rawdan / Al Sokehbi).

 N°2- Arbitration - Breach of the law - Public policy - Principle of contradictory  - Notification - Mandate of the arbitrator - Judge - To decide on the requests  -Contradiction - Ground of appeal.

(Supreme Court, 5th section, n° 132/2002, 29/10/2002, Morico TV Shopping/Supervision).

N°3- Arbitration - Interruption of the process - Challenge of the arbitrator  -Recourse stopping the execution - Reception of the recourse.

(Supreme Court, 5th section, n° 135/2002, 31/10/2002, Samira El Jabali/Albert Melki).

 N°4- Absolute arbitration - Contrary to the public policy - Equity - Justice  -Arbitration panel - Mission - Article 800 of the civil procedure code.

(Supreme Court, 5th section, n° 136/2002, 31/10/2002, Al Zein and Al Moukaddam / Company for the development and the exploitation).

 N°5- Arbitration - Interim measures - Article 589 NCCP - Definitive decision  -No - Court of appeal - Settlement of an aspect of the dispute.

(Supreme Court, 5th section, n° 147/2002, 19/11/2002, Obeji Company / Mawassem Taanayel Company).

 N°6- International arbitration - Provisional advance - Lawsuit - Referee Judge.Interim measure - Constitution of the arbitration panel (No) - Two guarantees (No).
(Referee Judge of Beirut, n° 554, 12/12/2002, Nafco company / Zublin company).

 

 

b- EGYPTIAN CASE LAW

 

N°1- Arbitration - Exceptional recourse - Will of the parties - Domain of the convention of arbitration.

(Cairo CA, 63rd commercial section, 22/2/1995, El Sheikh and Amara / El Sheikh and Younes).

N°2- Arbitration - Termination of the mission of the arbitrator - By the tribunal  - Article 20 of the arbitration law - Nomination of the arbitrator.

(Cairo CA 63rd commercial section, 19/11/1996, Lamer Holdings company/Siaj company for touristic exploitation and hotels administration).

N°3- Arbitration - Decision - Nullity - Article 512 of Pleadings Code - Order  -President of the administrative board - Convention on arbitration (No).

(Cairo CA, 63rd commercial section, 22/1/1997, Awad / Mrad, Awad / President of the administrative board of Delta Bank).

N°4- Arbitration - Foreign decision - Annulment - Non execution - Competence - Nullity of the international commercial arbitration award.

(Cairo CA, 63rd commercial section, 19/3/1997, Commercial company for exploitation / Bel Rover shipping limited).

N°5- Arbitration - Arbitrators - Qualities - Partie’s agreement - Exectution of the award.

(Cairo CA, 63rd commercial section, 19/3/1997, Ocean Financial corporation / Beme Iran Insurance).

N°6- Constitutional Court - Decision - Binding authority - Constitutionality of the decision (No) - Inapplicability - Article 49 of the law n°48/1979 - Article 18 of the law of Bank Faysal - Inapplicable.

(Cairo CA, 63rd commercial section, 24/12/1997, Mohamad Abou Al Hassan Ahmad / Bank Faysal).

N°7- Arbitration - Decision - Annulment - Non execution.

(Cairo CA, 63rd commercial section, 21/1/1998, Al Maadi company for construction and development / Al Mahmoudia company for enterprise).

N°8- Arbitration - Law n°97/1983 - Arbitration panel - Compulsory arbitration- Company of public works’s sector - Procedural rules - Immediate effect  - Annulment of the arbitration award - Reasons.

(Cairo CA, 63rd commercial section, 18/2/1998, Al Maadi company for construction and development / Al Mahmoudia company for enterprise).

N°9- Foreign awards - New York’s convention - Pleadings Code - Execution of the foreign awards - Stricter conditions - Objective procedural rules - Articles 297 and 298 of the Pleadings Code - Arbitration law - Contradiction.

(Cairo CA, 63rd commercial section, 17/2/1999, Razimbex company / Yasmina company).

N°10- Arbitration - Exceptional recourse - Res judicata - Arbitrators - Number- Participation of all the arbitrators - Date - Article 17 of the law n° 11/91  -Recourse to the judicial courts - Arbitration panel - Final decision - Recourse to the court (No).

(Cairo CA, 63rd commercial section, 21/4/1997, Adel Mohamad Jad / Minister of Finance).

N°11- Arbitration - Decision - Substantial elements - Amicable settlement - Law n° 27/1994.

(Cairo CA, 91st commercial section, 27/3/2002, Sayed Mabrouk Heirs / Ahmad Abdul Latif and co).

N°12- Contract - Silence of the contracting party - Titular - Rights and obligations - Arbtiration - Article 52/1 of the arbitration law - Annulment recourse.

(Cairo CA, 63rd commercial section, 23/4/1997, Epix Marine company / City Green company). 

N°13- Arbitration - Arbitration panel - Choice of the arbitrators - Court  -Conditions - Legal proceedings - Nomination of the arbitrator - Recourse (No)-Public policy - Principle of contradiction - Annulment of the arbitration award.

(Cairo CA, 91st commercial section, 30/4/2002, Aimex company for touristic cities / Rawad company for tourism). 

N°14- Arbitration - Challenge of the arbitrator - Arbitration panel - 15 days  -Court of appeal - Challenge of the judge.

(Cairo CA, 91st commercial section, 26/6/2002, Saoudian company for touristic development / D. Aktham Amine Al Khawli)

N°15- Arbitration - Decision - Annulment request - Parties - Relativity of the procedures - Principle of the relative effect of the contracts - Proof - Possessory action - Right - Inoperative.

(Cairo CA, 91st commercial section, 26/6/2002, Hussein Mohamad Abed.../ Ibrahim Kamal Seddik).                                                                  

N°16- Arbitration - Arbitration panel - Constitution - Nomination of the arbitrator  - Court of Appeal - Order Issued on petition - Recourse (No) - Principle of contradiction - Nullity of the constitution of the arbitration panel - Nullity of the arbitration award.

(Cairo CA, 91st commercial section, 26/6/2002, Al Nasr company / Abou el Foutouh company).                                                                        

 N°17- Arbitration - Decision - Recourse - Annulment - Article 53 - Law n°27/94 - Appeal (No).

(Cairo CA, 91st commercial section, 30/4/2002, Ali Mustapha Bayoumi / New horizon Association).

N°18- Arbitration - Order issued on petition - End of procedures - To lodge a complaint - Same judge - Or - Competent Court - Prohibition of cumulative procedures.

(Cairo CA, 91st commercial section, 30/4/2002, Ayala Mideast limited / “Cidari").

 

 

N° 25

 

B-  CASE LAW:

 

 a- LEBANESE COURTS DECISIONS RELATING TO ARBITRATION:

 

 - N°1- Arbitration - Arbitration panel - Qualification - Monetary and trade statute - Mediator - Guarantee - Currency - Credit - Irrevocable proxy - Sale - No - Arbitration clause - Obligatory force - Court of appeal - Motivation.

(Court of cassation, 5th Section, decision n° 2/2003, 7/1/2003, Arab financial enterprise / Mounib Saοkali).

 - N°2- Arbitration - Arbitration award - New law - Recourse - Immediate effect (No) - Challenge of the arbitrator - Appeal (No) - Law n° 440/2002 - Article 770 NCCP.

(Court of appeal of Beirut, 3rd Section, decision n° 6/2003, 7/1/2003, Al Jbeily / Melki).

- N°3- Absolute arbitration - Principle of contradictory - Its observance  -Annulment - Court of cassation - Office of the Court of appeal - Powers of the arbitrator - Limitation - Article 801 NCCP.

(Court of cassation, 5th Section, decision n° 11/2003, 21/1/2003, SGBL / Elias Sarkis with the commentary of M. Abdo Ghossoub).

 - N°4- Arbitration - Arbitration award - Annulment - Decision of the court of Appeal - Subject to cassation - Principle of contradictory - Explicit contract  -Denaturing - Interpretation of contracts.

(Court of cassation, 5th section, decision n° 16/2003, 30/1/2003, Nasr / Tabet).

 - N°5- Arbitration - Challenge of the arbitrator - Competence - Tribunal of 1st instance - Article 770 NCCP - Place - Obligatory competence - Tacit agreement.

(Court of appeal of Beirut, 3rd section, decision n° 200/2003, 6/2/2003, Khalifι / Abi Khalil and Sayegh).

 - N°6- Arbitration - Suspension of the arbitration - Explicit - Delay of arbitration  - Suspension - Legal reason - 6 months - Extension of time.

(Tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 1st section, decision n° 9/53, 3/3/2003, Robert Wardι / Crιdit de Banque SAL).

 - N°7- Arbitration - Duration - Extension - Will of the parties - Appreciation  of the judges of substance - Ground for review by the Court of cassation - Articles not respected - Action - Reject.

(Court of cassation, 5th section, decision n° 40/2003, of 11/3/2003, Constructors Group / Ghada, Ghaya, Aya Nawfal Elias).

 - N°8- Arbitration - Implicit extension of the delay - Agreement of the parties  -Court of appeal - Right of interpretation - Article 773 NCCP - Arbitration award - Denaturing - Lack of legal basis (No) - Article 221 C.O.C. - Interpretation of contracts - Independence of the arbitrator.

(Court of cassation, 5th section, decision n° 41/2003, of 11/3/2003, Boustani / Dahdah).

 - N°9- Absolute arbitration - Compromise - Exequatur - Recourse (No)  -Annulment request (Yes) - Appeal - Recourse to ordinary tribunal - To desist from arbitration (No) - Arbitrator - Request of the parties - Substance of the dispute (No).

(Court of appeal of Beirut, 3rd section, decision n° 444/2003, of 27/3/2003, Awad / Lebanese Maronits Friary).

 

 

b- ARAB CASE-LAW

 

 SULTANATE OF OMAN

 - N°1- Arbitration award - Substantial elements (No) - Incompetence of the arbitrators (No) - Nullity of the arbitration condition - Competence of ordinary courts.

(Commission for settlement of commercial litigations, decision n° 39/89, of 4/2/1990).

 - N°2- Enterprise contract - Reference - Principal contract - Objective conditions - Procedural conditions (No) - Arbitration condition - Plea of non admissibility  -Desistance.

(Commission for settlement of commercial litigations, decision n° 701/89, of 19/2/1991).

 - N°3- Principal contract - Subcontract - Independence - Arbitration condition in the principal contract - Reference in the subcontract (No) - Effect of the arbitration condition (No) - Merchandise - Deterioration - Compensation by the company - Liability of the carrier - Compensation by the carrier - Compensations cumulation.

(Commission for settlement of commercial litigations, decision n° 451/90, of 12/5/1991).

 - N°4- Arbitration - Exceptional recourse - Arbitration condition - Public policy (No) - Arbitration convention - Interdiction for the tribunal to settle the dispute  -Incident intervention - Ordinary procedures - Valid in front of the tribunal  -Unfair competition - Compensation - Mandate - Sale of products - Same region  - Else than the mandatory.

(Commission for settlement of commercial litigations, decision n° 180/92, of 16/12/1992).

 - N°5- Arbitration convention - Will of the parties - Recourse to the courts  -Renunciation - The arbitrator - No agreement - Recourse to the courts.

(Commission for settlement of commercial litigations, decision n° 530/92, of 28/2/1993).

 - N°6- Complicity between the mandatory and the new mandatory - Challenge of the mandatory - Joint liability - Compensation - Unfair competition  -Compensation.

(Commission for settlement of commercial litigations, decision n° 164/93, of 10/11/1993).

 - N°7- Arbitration convention - Will of the parties - Strict interpretation  -Relative effect of the arbitration  - Arbitration condition - Obligatory - Respect of the arbitration convention (No) - By the arbitrator - Exclusion of his decision  - Public policy (No) - Annulment of the arbitration award - Original competence.

(Commission for settlement of commercial litigations, decision n° 627/93, of 11/1/1994).

 - N°8- Procedure pleas - Before discussing the substance of the dispute - Transfer of debt - Transmission of guarantees.

(Commission for settlement of commercial litigations, decision n° 666/96, of 23/9/1997).

 - N°9- Arbitration condition - Public policy (No) - Principal contract - To insert (No) – Transfer - Agreement of the debtor (No).

(Court of appeal, decision n° 168/97, of 4/11/1997).

 - N°10- Explicit contract - Interpretation (No) - Contrary to law - Agreement of the parties - Precision of litigations - Arbitration awards - Recourse (No)  -Annulment of the arbitration award.

(Court of appeal, decision n° 15/94, of 25/4/1994).

 - N°11- Arbitration - All litigations - Public policy (No) - Commercial representation law (Decree n° 26/77) - Commercial representation contract  -Freedom of the parties.

(Commission for settlement of commercial litigations, decision n° 716/96, of 15/10/1997).

- N°12- Arbitration condition - Public policy (No) - Introduction - Ordinary procedures - Introduction for the benefit of the justice - Right to desist from the enterprise contract - Absolute (No) - A posteriori control - Competence of the tribunal of 1st instance - Appeal (No).

(Court of appeal, decisions n° 33/96 and 34/96 of 27/5/1996).

- N°13- Procedural law - Annulment - Decision - Execution (No) - Application of the new law - Delay to start proceedings (No) - Beginning - To put into force the law - Publication - Arbitration - Agreement of the parties - Competence of the arbitration panel - No - Suspension of arbitration proceedings - Competent tribunal.

(Court of appeal, decision of 1/6/1998).

 

 

N° 26

 

ARBITRAL CASE-LAW

 

 - N°1- Arbitral tribunal – Award – Time limit – 6 months – Extension of the time limit – Notification – Opposability (no) – Annulment – Mission – International Court of Arbitration – ICC – Document – Translation – Objection (no) – Continuation of the arbitration.

(Paris court of appeal, 1st chamber, section n° 63, March 6, 2003).

 - N°2- Arbitration – International arbitral award – Exequatur – Award annulment request in Lebanon – Place of issuance – Switzerland – Institutional arbitration – Arbitral proccedings – Rights of defense – Assignment of a unique arbitrator instead of three – Silence and non-objection of one party – Venue of arbitration – Change – Notification – Trial – Absence of a party after having attended some hearings – Judgment by default – Time limit for the appeal of the arbitral award – Special recourse – Autonomy of the arbitration clause – Bad faith – Sentence.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n° 464, April 3, 2003, Dogmoch Group of Co. S.A.L. / Executive Air Transport Ltd.).

 

 

B- JUDICIAL CASE-LAW

 

a-    LEBANESE AWARDS 

 

 - N°1- Public enterprise – Subrogation of the Lebanese State – Contract – International arbitration – Lack of capacity and interest – Intervention – Arbitral lawsuit – Breach of contract – Contractual fault – Compensation.

(Arbitral award, Lebanese Center of Arbitration, case n° 58/2000, June 7, 2002, Lebanese services company Ltd, Al Khourafi company / Lebanese State, Ministry of public works and transport).

 - N°2- Arbitration – Time limit – Article 773 NCCP – Compensation – Damage – Proof – Contradictory - Evaluation of the compensation – Judge of substance – Final decision – Withdrawal of the recourse.

(Arbitral award, Lebanese Center of Arbitration, case n° 58/2000, December 4, 2002, Lebanese services company Ltd, Al Khourafi company/Lebanese State, Ministry of public works and transport).

 

b-    COURTS DECISIONS

 

 - N°1- Decision – Chairman – Representation of the company – Annulment of the arbitration clause – Petition to the Supreme Court – Dismissal.

(Supreme Court, 5th section, n° 143, November 20, 2001, Kobeiter industrial and commercial company / Bsat company). 

- N°2- Arbitrators number – Uneven – Issue of the decision – Unanimity – Majority – Public hearing (no) – Annulment (no) – Closure of hearing – Non respect of the rules – Mission of the arbitrators – Impossibility of performance– Dissolution – Misuse – Remedies at law – Annulment.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n° 1855/2001, December 20, 2001, Fouad Zein and Gerges Maalouf / Construction and Exploitation company).

 - N°3- Arbitration – Amount provisionnally allocated – Arbitration award – Place of issue – Ground for annulment (no) – Article 800 NCCP – Annulment (no) – Subsidiary claim.

(Supreme Court, 5th section, n°6/2002, January 29, 2002).

 - N°4- Challenge of the arbitrator – Appeal – Double court instance – New grounds – Partiality – Parties at arbitration.

(North Lebanon court of appeal, 6th section, n° 514/2002, May 9, 2002, Samir Abou Rostom / Tony Tajer).

 - N°5- Arbitration – Exequatur – Annulment request in Lebanon – Arbitration in front of a legal person – Procedure – Rights of defense – Nomination of one arbitrator – Silence of a party – Venue of arbitration – Change – Notification – Judgment by default – Time limit for the appeal – Special recourse – Autonomy of the arbitration clause – Bad faith – Condemnation of the appellant.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n° 464, April 3, 2003, Dogmoch group of Co. S.A.L. / Executive Air Transport Ltd.).

 - N°6- Arbitration clause – Incompetence of the tribunals – Appeal – Opposability of the arbitration clause – Contract in solemn form – New claim – Inadmissible – Clear claims – Expenses – Judicial fees – Proportional tax – Incompetence – Refund of the fees paid.

(Mount Lebanon court of appeal, 7th section, April 10, 2003, Inter radio S.A.L. / Radio Delta Company S.A.L., Radio Delta, Media Partners Company S.A.L.).

 - N°7- Arbitration – Commercial representation – Decree n° 34/1967 – Article 5 – Recourse to arbitration after the beginning of the litigation – Allowed – Arbitration award – Annulment claim – Infra petita – Civil procedure – Arbitrator.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, April 17, 2003, Mawassem Taanayel company / Obegi company).

 - N°8- Amiable composition – Justice and equity – Equilibrium – Legal reason – Raised by the arbitrator (no) – Contradictory principle.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, May 20, 2003, Al Richani / Fahd and Tayoun). 

 

 

c-    ARAB JUDICIAL DECISIONS 

 

 EGYPT

 

 - N°1- Arbitration – ICC – Egyptian Law – Arbitration award – Debate between the arbitrators – Law n° 27/1994 (articles 40 and 43/1/491) – Article 227 civil code – Calculation of interest – Parties’ agreement – Litigation.

(Cairo court of appeal, 64th commercial section, July 30, 2001, Company for cement / Dubtch Babcok, Underns, Sejlek and B.M.H.).

 

 

 

N° 28

 

 

FRENCH COURTS DECISIONS

 

 - N°1- International arbitration – Arbitration clause – Transmission – Transfer of debt – Intuitu personae character of the arbitration clause.

(French court of cassation, 1st section, May 28, 2002, Burkinabe company for cement and materials / Abidjan cements company).

 - N°2- Arbitration agreement – Validity – Amiables compositeurs – Annulment Judge – Regularity – Fraud – Annulment of the award – Article 4 of the FCPP – Schengen agreement – Agreement on the transfer of sentenced people – Powers to compromise.

 (French court of cassation, 1st section, n° 558 FSP, May 6, 2003, SOPIP / ARESBANK AND CCG). 

- N° 3- Arbitration clause – Arbitration agreement – International – No difference – Nomination of the arbitrator – “ATIBT” rules – Arbitration award – Article 1502 of the NCCP – Annulment recourse – Reject – Confirmation of the award (no).

(Paris court of appeal, 1st section, May 15, 2003, Central Timber Business / Best Charity corporation).

  

B- CASE – LAW 

 

a-    ARBITRAL AWARDS

 

 - N°1- Lease – Cancellation (no) – Registration in the land register – Promise to sale to an association – Personal right – Absolute arbitration – Equity rules – Forfeiture delays – Suspension.

(Arbitration award, M. Hassan Rifaat, January 17, 1994, TDH Lausanne / Mohammad Bassam El Amine and spouse).

 

b-    LEBANESE COURTS DECISIONS

 

  N°1- Acquisition of ownership by strangers – Public policy – Lease with promise of sale – Option to purchase – Absolute arbitration – Extension of the option delay.

(Beirut court of appeal, 9th section, n° 267/95, March 15, 1995, TDH / Mohammad El Amine and spouse).

 - N°2- Arbitrator – Transaction – Arbitration award – Challenge of the arbitrator – Surveillance of the arbitrator (no) – Mission – Prorogation (no).

(President of the tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, n°128/98, February 3, 1998, Amine Nassereddine / Zouheir and Ahmad Mneimneh).

 - N°3- Arbitration – Contract of employment – Fixed term – Two years – Contract of indefinite duration – Retroactivity (yes) – Preliminary notification – Arbitration clause – Competence – Preliminary desistance – Nullity – Lease – Public policy – Better condition – Benefit (yes).

(Labor arbitration council, n°7/2004, January 8, 2003, Hoda Mouawad / CDR and UNDP).

 - N°4- Arbitration – Arbitration award – Time of issue – Possible – Publicity (no) – Secret – President of the administrative board – Election – Competence – Contradictory principle – Facts known by both parties – Mandate – Notification – Appeal (no).

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, 1404/2003, October 9, 2003, Sheikh Tarek Al Nakib / T.M.A.).

 - N°5- Arbitration – Donation – Unworthiness – Return of the property – Right of defense – Respect – Statement with new documents – Reasons of annulment – Reasons of appeal.

(Beirut court of appeal, 1399/2003, Oct. 9, 2003, Kassouf / Stephan).

 - N°6- Arbitration – Domain – Implication of a third party – Reject – Refusal of the exequatur – Notation of the administrative board on the contract – The president is not a party – Exequatur – Refusal.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, 1397/2003, Oct 9, 2003, Milad Yammine / Constram company).

 - N°7- Arbitration – Arbitration award – Motivation – Requests of the parties – Fact not related to the solution – Liability – In appeal and not in annulment.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, 1405/2003, Oct 9, 2003, Regivision company / Lebanese TV).

 - N°8- Arbitration award – Sufficient reasoning – Annulment (no) – Contradictory requests – Tacit reject – Rights of the third party – Distribution of the expenses – Right of opposition – Contract – Non-execution – Payment of the price (no).

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, 1398/2003, Oct 9, 2003, Holding company for investment / Rony Karam and co).

        

C- ARAB COURTS DECISIONS

 

 EGYPT

 

 - N°1- Arbitration award – Nullity action – Delay – 90 days – Public policy.

(Cairo court of appeal, 27/11/2002, Mohammad Mahmoud Abdel Majid / Farek Fouad Ali Youssef).

 - N°2- Judgment – Performance in kind – Compensation – Nullity action – Appeal – Arbitration award – Nullity – Equality principle – Arbitration board – Material error – Correction – Nullity of the erratum.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 27/11/2003, Egyptian company for tourism and hotels / Hotels company (ACOR)). 

- N°3- Arbitration contract – Provision – Law rules – Subject matter of the litigation – Grounds of recourse – Devolution of the case-law n°27/1993 on arbitration – Public policy – Real estate – Partition.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 26/2/2003, Fahmi Ali Sleyman/Cooperative union for housing).

 - N°4- Notification – Nullity recourse – Delay – Arbitration procedure – Contrary to a condition in the arbitration agreement – Silence – Submission – Nullity case – Limitative enumeration – Powers of the annulment judge.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 26/2/2003, Elhami Al Zayyat / Hafnaoui Moustapha and Sawssan Attar).

 - N°5- Arbitration award – Nullity – Omission of the name of the arbitrator – Lease agreement – Applicable (no) – Article 53 of the arbitration law n° 27/1994.

(Cairo court of appeal, 26/2/2003, Majida Ahmad / Hilton company).

 - N°6- Arbitration law – Annulment – Nullity cases – Limitative enumeration – Powers of the court.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st section, 26/3/2003, Moustapha Soudki / Hilton company).

 - N°7- Final decision – Appeal – 91st commercial section – No – Reject of the action.

(Cairo court of appeal, 26/3/2003, Memphis company / Medssi company, Ahmad Abdel Fattah).

 - N°8- Incompetence – Agreement of the parties – The contract is the law of the parties – Litigation between a member of the association and the association – Arbitration agreement – Nullity – Limitative enumeration.

(Cairo court of appeal, 26/3/2003, Cooperative Union for the housing of employees of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs / Mohammad Al Dib).

 - N°9- Arbitration – Free will – Nullity of the compromise – Arbitration condition – Independence.

(Cairo court of appeal, 29/4/2003, Nizar Choucair / Akram Turki and Nasser Mohammad).

 - N°10- Arbitration – Arbitration agreement – Annulment – Reasons limitatively enumerated.

(Cairo court of appeal, 28/5/2003, Cooperative Union for the housing of employees of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs / Talal Al Mathana).

 

 

N° 29

 

 

C- JUDICIAL CASE – LAW

 

A-   FEDERAL COURT OF SWITZERLAND

 

 - N°1- International arbitration – “LDIP” – Formal criterion – Arbitral tribunal – Debate – Essential – Expert study – Express request – Pertinent facts – Federal tribunal – Restricted control – Public policy – Exclusion of proof – Arbitration clause – Extension to a non-signatory party – Good faith.

(Federal court of Switzerland, October 16th, 2003, Triple M. Mouawad Management and Marketing S.A.L., Mouawad Village Broumana and Robert Mouawad / Henco Heneine construction and development Co. SARL).

 - N°2- International arbitration – Revision of the award – Federal court – Competence (yes) – Competence on the merits – Arbitral tribunal (yes) – Admissibility of the claim – New and important facts – Conclusive evidence.

(Federal court of Switzerland, October 16th, 2003, Triple M. Mouawad Management and Marketing S.A.L., Mouawad Village Broumana and Robert Mouawad / Henco Heneine construction and development Co. SARL).

 

B-   LEBANESE COURTS DECISIONS

 

 - N°1- Commercial representation – Arbitration (No) – Decree n° 34/67 – Compensation – Appreciation – Criterion.

(Court of cassation, 4th section, n° 8/2003, 20/2/2003, KOMHO co. / MADCO, Riad Choucair).

 - N°2- Arbitration – Appointment of the arbitrator – Appeal nullity – Appointment modality – Nomination of the arbitrators by common agreement – Obligation to try – President of the tribunal of 1st instance – Decision – Annulment.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n° 1749/2003, 11/12/2003, Charity’s company / Elias Barda).

 - N°3- Arbitral award – Forfeiture of the instance – Forfeiture of the right (No) – Final judgment – No recourse – Multiple requests – Link (No) – Action – Indivisibility of the action – Parties’ remarks – Possibility – Annulment.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n° 1800/2003, 18/12/2003, Lina El Hoss / Abdel Fattah El Hoss).

 - N°4- Arbitration – Arbitration clause – Contract – Delictual liability – Proxy – Restrictive explanation – Special proxy – Legal action – Nullity – CDR.

(Tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 2nd section, n° 153/2004, 8/1/2004, CDR / Walter Bau – AG, Dyckerhoff and Widmann).

 - N°5- Arbitration – Arbitral award – Executive formula – Official notification – Submission (No) – Annulment formula – Suspensive effect – Arbitrator’s misconduct-Discussion of the merits – Contradictory principle – Financial markets.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n° 132/2004, 22/1/2004, Fidus SAL / Dagher and Assaad Hayek).

- N°6 – Arbitration – Competence – Mission – Extent – Article 764 CCP – Competence of state’s courts (No) – After the recourse to an arbitrator - Nomination of the arbitrator – Arbitration clause – Res judicata.

(Tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 18/2/2004, Radio Delta / Interadio SAL).

- N°7- Arbitration - Waiver of the right of appeal – Motivation of the award – Discussion of the appeal – Delay of arbitration – Public policy infringement – Proof (No) – Introduction of a third party – Admissibility of all parties – Compensation.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, 300/2004, 19/2/2004, Al torok alhadissa lelmoukawalat Co./Lebanese Leasing company).

 

 

N° 30

 

FRENCH CASE LAW

 

- N°1- Arbitration clause – Economic transaction – International character – Contestation – Arbitration – Stock exchange – Financial canvassing – International contract.

(France Supreme court, 1st Civil Section, March 30, 2004, Sylvaine Gros / Painvewebber Co. and Salomon Smith Barney Co., with the comments of Professor Ibrahim NAJJAR). 

 

 

a- Lebanese Arbitral Awards


- N°1- Arbitration – Limited liability company – Arbitration in equity – Dissolution of the company – Liquidation – Minors heirs – Preferential right – Only two partners.

(Arbitration award, Professor Ibrahim NAJJAR, March 2, 2004, R.M. / A.A.N., P. and M.N. and A.N., with the enforcement order).

- N°2- Arbitration – Arbitration clause – Independence – Nullity – Arbitrator’s competence – State monopoly – Exclusive distribution – Obligations – Impossible object – Validity – Force majeure (no) – Media – Law n° 382/94 – Non-retroactivity.

(Arbitration award, Judge Sami AOUN, April 20, 2004, Interadio co. / Radio Delta and Radio

Delta co.).

 

c-    Lebanese Courts Decisions

 

 - N°1- Arbitration – Arbitration clause – Assignment of a contract – Substitution of the heirs of the deceased – Principle of due hearing of the parties.

(Beirut’s court of appeal, 3rd section, n° 763/2004, 29/4/2004, Khalil Ghezawi / Wafika Anouti).

 - N°2- Arbitration – Bankruptcy – Amicable settlement – Representation – Syndic – Hearing of the the bankrupt (no) – Violation of the right to defense – Denaturation of documents – Reason for setting aside the award – Defect in the grounds of the award – Mission of the arbitrator – Disrespect – Violation of the public policy.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, 29/4/2004, Bankruptcy of Khalil Ghezawi / Maroun Aziz). 

- N°3- Arbitration – Arbitrator – Dismissal – Refusal of the application in the first instance – Appeal (no).

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n° 762/2004, 29/4/2004, Yemenja company / Ring Club company).

 - N°4- Commercial representation – Arbitration clause – Decree n°34/67 – Signature of two managers – Signature of a memorandum after the end of the commercial representation contract – Duress (no) – Accessory intervention – Conditions – Partners in a corporation – Rejection of the intervention – Acknowledgment – Indivisibility.

(Tribunal of 1st instance of Mount-Lebanon, 2nd section, n° 20/2003, 31/7/2003, Gemaco S.A.R.L. / Toyota Motor Corporation).

 - N°5- Arbitration – Arbitration award – Obligatory notes – Annulment – Cassation – Against the appeal decision – Public policy – Revision of the arbitration award (no).

(Court of cassation, 5th section, n°127, 25/7/2003, Ghassan Awad / Lebanese Maronite Monks ).

 - N°6- Arbitration – Arbitration award – Appeal and nullity request – Competence – Place of delivery of the award – Damages.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n°388, 4/3/2004, Essaaf Chaker / Abou Chedid and Co.).

 - N°7- Arbitration – Suit – Interim measures – Article 537 CCP – Duty to state the grounds – Term of the company – Three years – Arbitration request.

(Supreme court, 5th section, n°160, 20/11/2003, Chemical products company / Prime investment holding, Selim Essaily and co.).

 - N°8- Arbitration – Arbitrator – Dismissal – “Contract of arbitrator” – Disappearance – Arbitration award – Non-existence.

(Supreme court, 5th section, n°60, 1/4/2004, Jbeily / Syriac Catholic Patriarchate).

 - N°9- Arbitration – Arbitration award – Nullity – Competence of the courts – Mission of the arbitrator – Compensation – Evaluation – Control of the Supreme Court (no) – Stating the grounds – Rights of defense – Principle of due hearing of the parties – Promise of sale – Delivery – Delay – Loss of profits.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n°1236/2000, 16/11/2000, Solidere / Lebanese company for hotels).

 - N°10- Arbitration – Recourse by a person not party to the action – Third party – Conditions – Arbitration award – Arbitration agreement – Representation – Absence of power of the representative – Defect – Correction – Ratification by the presence of the representative – Interest.

(Tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 20/1/2003, Harb and Karaouni / Harb, Mrad, Kobeissi and Sabra).

 - N°11- Arbitration clause – Annulment request – Valid contract – Fictitious contract – Arbitration award – Arbitration agreement (no) – Association of Engineers – Organization of the arbitration.

(North court of appeal, 6th section, n°505, 15/5/2003, Adnan Merhebi / Joseph Hreiky).

 - N°12- Arbitration – Judge of Urgent Causes – Provisional judgment – Compatible with the will of the parties – Bankruptcy procedure – Investment – Impossible – Debt that may not be seriously contested.

(Judge of Urgent Causes of Beirut, n°443, 12/11/2002, National Network of Transmission/ Ideal Home & co.).

 - N°13- Arbitration clause – Written – Main contract – Accessory contract -Contract of 1994 – Extension of the arbitration clause – Competence of ordinary courts (no).

(Tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 3rd section, n°15/36/99, 29/4/2003, Jnah company / Mariott company).


 

N° 31

 

 

B- CASE-LAW


a- Lebanese Courts Decisions


NΊ1- Arbitration – Arbitration clause – Arbitration deadline – Extension – Arbitration panel – Composition – Impossibility – Nomination of a third arbitrator – Possible.
(Pdt Tribunal of 1st Instance of Beirut, nΊ 3/51, 31/1/2003, General Company for Construction and Investment S.A.L. / Kamal Abdallah).

NΊ2- Arbitration – Case in deliberation – New claims (no) – To join the arbitration file (no) – Arbitrator – Fees – Determination - Recourse against the arbitration award only – Not possible – Rights of defense – Deadline for - defense.
(Tribunal of 1st Instance of Beirut, nΊ 6/39, 28/1/2004, Kamal Abdallah / General Company for Construction and Investment S.A.L.).

NΊ3- Arbitration – Composition of the Arbitral Panel – Nomination of the arbitrator – Acceptance – Extension of the deadline of arbitration – Court.
(Chairman of the Tribunal of 1st Instance of Beirut, nΊ 26/50, 28/4/2004, General Company for Construction and Investment S.A.L. / Kamal Abdallah).

NΊ4- Institutional Arbitration –– Lebanese Center for Arbitration – Rules of Arbitration – Arbitration panel or sole arbitrator – Arbitration Deadline – Extension – Acceptance by the two parties - Arbitration Rules of the Center – Specific Power of Attorney – Estoppel theory – Translation of documents (no) – Respect of the rights of defense – Secret deliberation.
(Beirut Court of Appeal, 3rd Section, Chairman Marwan Karkabi, 13/5/2004, Fouad Gerges & Co / Zoom Company).

NΊ5- Arbitration – Arbitration award – Members and Political Party – Opposition by a third person – Rejection – Common interest of the members - Interest of the Party.
(Beirut Court of Appeal, nΊ 165/2004, 27/5/2004, Mohamad Harb & Co / Omar Harb & Co).

NΊ6- Arbitrator – Challenge – Appeal (no).
(Beirut Court of Appeal, Chairman Marwan Karkabi, nΊ 1213/2004, 24/6/2004, Kamal Abdallah / The Arbitration Panel composed of M. Adnan Jaafar, Mazen Taj El Din and Abdel Rahman Kambriss).

NΊ7- Arbitration – Arbitration award – Enforcement order – Arbitration panel – Deliberation – Dissent – Award draft.
(Chairman of the Tribunal of 1st Instance of Beirut, 29/7/2004, Heneineh Company for Enterprises and Construction “Henco”).

b- Arab Courts Decisions

EGYPT

NΊ1- International arbitration – Operation and Management Contract of a Hotel – Award – Signature – Reasons of the absence of any signature – Divergent opinions – Article 43/1 of the Law nΊ 27/94 – Article 31/1 of the UNCITRAL Model Law of Arbitration – Recourse – Annulment – Reasons restrictively enumerated - Judge of annulment– Not the judge of appeal.
(Cairo Court of Appeal, 91st Commercial Section, 27/11/2002, Fawzi Gerges /Helnan Company for Hotel Management).

NΊ2- Arbitration – Arbitration agreement – Autonomy – Law nΊ 27/1994 – Its application in time – All arbitrations pending at the time of its implementation – Arbitrator designated by the court – Freedom of choice.
(Cairo Court of Appeal, 91st Commercial Section, 27/11/2002, Servieh Company for Industries - Egypt / Center of Studies and Engineering Designs).


NΊ3- Arbitration – Enterprise contract – Law nΊ 27/1994 – Conflict of laws – Application of the new law in time – Arbitration award – Facts misunderstood – Annulment of the arbitration award (no) – Violation of the law – Article 512 of the Civil Procedure Code.
(Cairo Court of Appeal, 91st Commercial Section, 30/12/2002, Al Tamas / Sobhi Hussein Ahmad Company for Enterprises).

NΊ4- Arbitration – Arbitration award – Nullity reasons restrictively enumerated – Reexamination of the dispute matter (no) - Sale - Transfer of the property – Obligations of seller – Mandate to arbitrate – Specific.
(Cairo Court of Appeal, 91st Commercial Section, 30/12/2002, Cooperative for Construction and Housing of Officers Working for the Police Academy / Mohamad Hussein Fehmi).

NΊ5- International arbitration – Arbitration award of the Cairo Regional Center of International Commercial Arbitration – Distribution and commercial representation contract – Competence of the judge for arbitration – Conditions – Arbitration award – Nullity recourse – Different from the appeal – Article 53/2 – Nullity reasons restrictively enumerated.
(Cairo Court of Appeal, 91st Commercial Section, 29/1/2003, Asia Brown Bovery Co / AMCO Co., with the commentary of Nathalie NAJJAR).

NΊ6- International arbitration – Arbitration law – Persons of private law and of public law - Law nΊ 27/1994 – Annulment – Incompetence of the Egyptian courts – Decision of the Arbitral Tribunal of Danemark.
(Cairo Court of Appeal, 91st Commercial Section, 29/1/2003, Al Sadat / Epa Invest Company).

NΊ7- International arbitration – Law nΊ 27/1994 – New York Convention – Members States – Authority of the enforcement order – Recognition and enforcement of the judgment – Foreign arbitration awards – State of issuance of the award – Arbitration award issued by the Diwan Al Mazalem of the Saudi Arabia Kingdom – Limited Liability Company Agreement.
(Cairo Court of Appeal, 91st Commercial Section, 26/2/2003, General Company for Enterprise / Abdel Rahman Charbatly).

NΊ8- International arbitration – Arbitration law – Territorial competence – Non- competence of Egyptian Courts for setting aside an international arbitration award issued abroad - Agreement of the parties – Arbitration awards – Annulment procedure.
(Cairo Court of Appeal, 91st Commercial Section, 26/3/2003, Company for Electrical Industries in the Industrial Zone/ Faj Henwa Berenger Corporation, with the commentary of Nathalie NAJJAR).


UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

NΊ1- Arbitration – Arbitration Award – Right result – Supreme Court – Cassation (no) – Nomination of the arbitrator – Arbitration proceedings – Arbitration award – Civil Procedure Code – Annulment – Material errors.
(Federal High Court, Chairman Al Husseini Al Kanani, 31/2/2000, Recourse nΊ9 of the 20th judicial year).

NΊ2- Arbitration – Capacity – Court deciding on the substance of the dispute – Powers – Lawsuit – Right to sue.
(Federal High Court, Chairman Abdel Wahab Abdoul, Recourse nΊ 605 of the 21st judicial year).

NΊ3- Arbitration – Enterprise contract – Competence – Arbitration proceedings – Lawsuit.
(Federal High Court, Chairman Abdel Wahab Abdoul, Recourse nΊ 449 of the 21st judicial year).

NΊ4- Court deciding on the substance of the dispute – Powers – Proof – Arbitration – Companies.
(Federal High Court, Chairman Abdel Wahab Abdoul, Recourse nΊ 719 of the 4th judicial year).

NΊ5- Foreign arbitration – Arbitration award – Execution – Foreign law.
(Dubaο Supreme Court, Chairman Mohammad Mahmoud Rassem, Recourse nΊ17 of the year 2001).

NΊ6- Lawsuit – Admissibility – Quality – Arbitration.
(Dubaο Supreme Court, Chairman Mohammad Mahmoud Rassem, Recourse nΊ31 of the year 2001).

NΊ7- Arbitration – Arbitration award – Requirement of a copy of the arbitration agreement – Inclusion of the text of the agreement itself – Not necessary – Possibility to prove its content in another way, without contradicting its sense.
(Dubaο Supreme Court, Chairman Mohammad Mahmoud Rassem, Recourse nΊ88 of the year 2001).

NΊ8- Arbitration – Advocating – Power of Attorney.
(Dubaο Supreme Court, Chairman Mohammad Mahmoud Rassem, Recourse nΊ112 of the year 2001).

NΊ9- Arbitration –– Admissibility of a recourse against an arbitration award – Cassation – Appeal – Contract – Nature – Amendment – Enterprise contract – Arbitration clause.
(Dubaο Supreme Court, Chairman Mohammad Mahmoud Rassem, Recourse nΊ130 of the year 2001).

NΊ10- Arbitration – Challenge of the arbitrator – Arbitration clause – Violation.
(Dubaο Supreme Court, Chairman Mohammad Mahmoud Rassem, Recourse nΊ250 of the year 2001).

NΊ11- Competence – Judgment – Recourse – Cassation - Inadmissibility of recourse against certain decisions - Proceedings of cassation - Arbitration – Competence – Enterprise contract – Import.
(Federal High Court, Chairman Mounir Toufic Saleh, Recourse nΊ84 of the 22nd judicial year).

NΊ12- Arbitration – Arbitration clause – Cassation - Admissibility of recourse against arbitration awards - Court deciding on the substance of the dispute - Contract – Explanation – Sale – Enterprises.
(Federal High Court, Chairman Mohammad Abdel Kader Al Salti, Recourse nΊ 333 of the 23rd judicial year).

NΊ13- Arbitration –– Annulment of the arbitration award – Arbitration proceedings.
(Federal High Court, Chairman Mohammad Abdel Kader Al Salti, Recourse nΊ 22 of the 22nd judicial year).

NΊ14- Arbitration – Agreement – Capacity – Contract – Legal successor – Arbitrator – Declinatory plea– Arbitration panel – Counter-claim – Conditions – Real Estate properties – Registration – Annulment – Retroactive effect.
(Arbitration Panel composed of Dr. Hassan Al Hamadi and Mr. Saoud Al Ali, 21/8/2004, “Al Assima” Service Company / Heirs of Thani Rached Al Rmaythi).
 


N° 32

 

 

B- CASE-LAW

 

a- Lebanese Courts Decisions

 

N°1- Arbitration – Disputes between spouses – Apartment’s donation – Funds’ origin – Arbitration award – Partial acceptance by the arbitrator – Recourse of both parties – Rightful – Nullity.

(Court of cassation, 5th section, n° 120/2004, 13/7/2004, Hala Al Kassouf / Elie Stephan).

N°2- Arbitration – Arbitration award – Grounds for review by the Court of cassation – Rights of defense – Principle of due hearing of the parties – Validity of the arbitration clause – To plead judicially – Impossibility – Good faith.

(Court of cassation, 5th section, n° 126/2004, 26/8/2004, Dogmoch Group SAL / Executive Air Transport).

N°3- International arbitration – Object of the litigation – Petition to challenge the arbitrator in Lebanon – Civil Procedure Code inapplicable – Concerning domestic arbitration – Absence of any link between international arbitration abroad and Lebanon – Nationality of the parties and of the arbitrator – No incidence.

(Tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 1st section, n° 42/75, 4/10/2004, Muhieddine Ghandour / Saadi Ghandour).

N°4- Arbitration – Special proxy – Distinction between ad hoc arbitration and ordinary arbitration (no) – Ex aequo et bono – Violation – Recourse to arbitration – Confidentiality – Extension of the deadline of arbitration – Company – Unanimity principle – Concerns only the arbitration recourse – Arbitration clause – The execution concerns the non-execution and the bad execution.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n° 1712/2004, 14/10/2004, Segel group company / Construction projects company).

N°5- Arbitration – Arbitrator – Challenge – Principle of due hearing of the parties – Defense rights – Claims of the parties – Neglected claim - To settle it – Public hearing – Nullity.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n° 1711/2004, 14/10/2004, Bassem Al Kaissi / International company for trade and exploitation).

N°6- Arbitration – Lease contract– Arbitration award – Brief motivation – Sufficient and decisive.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n° 1716/2004, 14/10/2004, Solidere Company / Golden Rock and Ahmad Labdi Company).

N°7- Arbitration – Arbitration clause – Nullity – Causes of nullity – Restrictively stated – Defense’s rights – Respected.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n° 1713/2004, 14/10/2004, Bachaalany Company for Industry / Lebanese Company for leasing).

N°8- Arbitration – Arbitration award – Recourse – Nullity – Introduction – Party to the dispute – Arbitrator – Competence – Nullity of the contract – Validity of the clause – Parties’ agreement – Defense’s rights – Compulsory mentions – Freedom of the arbitrator.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n° 1714/2004, 14/10/2004, Joseph Germani/ Clara Berberini and co).

N°9- Arbitration – Lease contract – UNRWA – Diplomatic immunity – Arbitration clause – Lease’s exceptional legislation – Right to resort to justice – Superiority over public policy.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n° 1815/2004, 21/10/2004, Mohammad Al Ghenj / UNRWA).

 

 

b- Egyptian case-law

 

N°1- Arbitration – Arbitration agreement – After the occurrence of the dispute – Matters to be included in the arbitration – Nullity of the arbitration award.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 29/1/2003, Maher Atallah / Abdel Tawab Said and Fares Said).

N°2- Special arbitration – Judge’s competence – Restrictive – Interpretation of the law – Conformity with the Constitution – Arbitral panel – Nomination of the arbitrators – Qualities of the arbitrator – Decision designating the arbitrator – No recourse – Insurance policy – Limits of the arbitration agreement - Overruled – Nullity of the award – Arbitral award – Cairo Regional Center for International Commercial Arbitration – Intervention request – Rejected.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 26/2/2003, Al Ahlia insurance company / “Sociιtι Gιnιrale” Bank).

N°3- Arbitration – Arbitration award – Res judicata – Conditions – Same subjects, parties and grounds – Action for annulment of the arbitration award – Different from appeal.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 26/3/2003, Cooperative for Construction and Housing of army’s officers / Mohammad Fathi Saad).

N°4- Arbitration – Parties – Arbitration award – Annulment action – Capacity of the claimant – Arbitration agreement – Claimant at the annulment action – Arbitration party (no) – Rejection.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 26/3/2003, DEG Company / Legal representative of El Malikiya Company for real estate and touristic development).

N°5- International arbitration – Construction contract – Final award – Decision not settling the dispute – No independent annulment action prior to the final award – Challenge of the arbitrator – Public policy rules – Petition to challenge the arbitrator – Arbitral panel – Decision of the Cairo International Commercial Arbitration Center – Award of an arbitrator (no) – Independence and impartiality of the arbitrator – Determination.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 29/4/2003, n° 1/120, Egyptian company for the audiovisual production city / Scansca Smanitch international Company, Schneider, Al Khawli and Cherkawi; n° 2/120, Egyptian company for the audiovisual production city / Scansca Smanitch international Company, Schneider, Al Khawli and Cherkawi).

N°6- Arbitration – Evidence – Expert report – Minutes – Non-arbitrable matters – Sovereignty acts – Political criteria – No justice recourse – Real estate affected to public interest – Arbitration – Nullity - Contradiction with public policy.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 28/5/2003, Minister of tourism / Al Amal conglomerate Company for tourism).

N°7- Arbitration – Model-Law on arbitration – Final award – Not final award – Annulment – Incompetence – Egyptian law on arbitration.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n° 58, 28/2/2004, Venus Star Company for touristic development / Heliopolis).

N°8- Arbitration – Arbitration agreement – Parties – Description – Doesn’t bind the tribunal – Award – Substantial matters – The blamed document – Arbitration award (no).

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n° 52, 28/2/2004, Farouk Abdel Aziz Ali Ibrahim, Mohammad Farouk Abdel Aziz Ali / Hassan Hussein Ramadan Al Roubi and Co).

N°9- Arbitration – Arbitration law – Notification – Correct service – Companies – Main management – Arbitration award – Arbitration agreement – Arbitral panel – Arbitrator – Counsel at the State legal department – Authorization of the competent authority.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n° 68, 28/2/2004, The Administration of the Association of the Cooperative for construction and housing of the workers of El Ouali neighborhood / Jalal Abdel Fattah Mohammad, owner of the Galileo company for contracting).

N°10- Arbitration in equity – Arbitrators – Deliberations – Arbitration award – Signature of an award draft – Producing the original of an award – Justice and equity rules – Conciliation – Contract – Annulment action – Public policy rules (no) - Realistic indication – Contradiction – Court of appeal control.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n° 89, 28/2/2004, Oriental resorts company for tourism construction / Legal representative of Sabour consultancy office).

N°11- Arbitration – Compulsory – Contracting agreement – Optional arbitration – Arbitration agreement – Arbitration fees – Review of the merits of arbitration – Capacity – Contradiction – Scope of arbitration.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 28/2/2004, Hassan Ghanem / Sobhi Hussein Ahmad Company).

N°12- Arbitration award – Suspension of the execution – Contracting agreement – Panel of three persons – Abrogated law – Conventional rules – Procedure – Copy of the arbitration agreement – Equality principle – Nullity of the arbitration award.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n° 64, 28/2/2004, Group el Chams Company for developed engiculture and for agricultural production / Fimcon Company for consulting in engineering and contracting).

N°13- Arbitration award – Award equality – Law n° 97/1983 – Law n° 27/1994 – Compulsory arbitration – Contradiction with public policy – Nullity of the award.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, cases n° 68 and 86, 30/3/2004, Petrogas Company / Minister of Finance).

N°14- International arbitration – Cairo Regional Center for Arbitration – Contract for the administration of a hotel – Guard.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n° 25, 30/3/2004, Partner and Inn Hotel / Farouk Nassif Nakhlι).

N°15- Arbitration – Arbitration award – Annulment action – Judge of annulment – Competence.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n° 24, 30/3/2004, Mohammad Abdel Majid as the chairman of Al Hawi company for enterprise and real estate investments / Mohammad Yehia as the Chairman of Al Hawi Company for contracting and real estate administrations).

N°16- Arbitration – Arbitrator – Challenge – Impartiality – Independence – Proof of impartiality – Public policy – Marital relationship – Doubts about the neutrality of the arbitrator.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, n° 78, 30/3/2004, Fathi Abdel Rahman Moussa Al Nawawi / Madiha Mahmoud Jomha).

N°17- Arbitration – Arbitration award – Annulment action – Declaration of the award to the plaintiff – Tax provision – Not constitutional – Retroactivity – Compulsory arbitration.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n°3, 30/3/2004, Mohammad Hafez Abdel Berr / Chairman of the cooperative for construction and housing of the Suez Petrol company workers).

N°18- Arbitration – Not a tax law - Not constitutional – Not applicable – Right to institute legal proceedings – Violation – Nullity of the arbitration award.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n° 60, 30/3/2004, Oum el Mouminin Association, the Cooperative for construction and housing / Bilal Mohammad Mohammad).

N°19- Arbitration – Arbitration award – Annulment action – Competence – Administrative contract – Execution – Administrative tribunal.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, Minister of education Representative of the Nile Company for construction and real estate investment (Spico)).

N°20- Arbitration – Competence (no) – Referral – Photo – Proof.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, n° 79, 28/4/2004, Said Zohfan / Najeh Omran).

 

 

N° 33

 

B- CASE-LAW

 

a-    Arbitral awards

 

N°1- International arbitration – Arbitration award – Free will principle -  Formalities – Corporation – Acceptance of the original principle – Board of directors – Fidic contracting agreement – Autonomy of the arbitration clause – Difference with separability - Nullity of the contract – Nullity of the arbitration clause (No) – Principles “Criminal actions supersede civil actions” and “Una via electa”.

(Lebanese Center of Arbitration, preliminary award, 5/8/2003, Al Mabani Co. / Mouawad Village Broumana Co., Mouawad Co, M. Robert Mouawad).

N°2- Arbitration award – Questioning – Precision of the facts – Failure to appear- International arbitration – Definition – Interests of international business – Contracting agreement – Inspection of the contractor - Final – Limitation of the requests – Arbitration clause – Validity – Included in the main contract – Signature –Apparent party – Non disclosure of the proxy made by third parties - Proof – Modes – Presented together – Exception of non-execution – Presented after the closing of the instance – Principle of due hearing of the parties – New request – Opening of the instance.

(Lebanese Center of Arbitration, Arbitration award, case n° 2/M, 19/8/2004, Al Mabani co./ Mouawad Village Broumana, Mouawad co., M. Robert Mouawad, with the decision granting to it the exequatur, delivered by the First President of the Beirut tribunal of first instance, dated 27/1/2005).

 

 

 b- Lebanese courts decisions

 

N°1- Arbitration – Rights of defense - Arbitration award – Motivation -Interests calculation    - Public policy – Consultation of judges.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n° 1725/2001, 29/11/2001, Trenwick international L.L.C. / Cumberland insurance company).

N°2- International arbitration – Territorial jurisdiction – Arbitration award – Exequatur – President of the tribunal of 1st instance – Lis pendens – Proof.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n°364/2002, 14/2/2002, Elbrom export-import company / Hyundai L.L.C.)

N°3- Arbitation – Arbitrator – Nomination – Judge of urgent matters – The contract – Law of the parties – Arbitral tribunal.

(Tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 1st section, n° 14/37, 3/3/2004, Mohammad Al Sawwaf and co. / Fares Al Farra).

N°4- Arbitrator – Challenge – Competence – Proxy – Grounds of challenge – Obligation to inform the parties – Impartiality of the arbitrator – Trust between the parties and the arbitrator – Common interest with one of the arbitration’s parties.

(Tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, n° 16/121, 10/3/2004, Hawi for enterprise and trade L.L.C. / Al Atassi).

N°5- B.O.T. contract – Administrative contract – Arbitration award – Administrative character of the dispute – Appeal or annulment – Competent authority  – Exequatur – President of the State Council – Rejection.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n° 1998/2004, 25/11/2004, Lebanese State (Ministry of public works and transport) / Lebanese ports company SARL).

N°6- Arbitration award – Annulment request – Lack of signature (No annulment) – Participation to the arbitral procedure without invoking the nullity – Motivation of the rejection of the annulment request - No recourse – Definitive decision – Commercial representation – Territorial competence – Obligatory – Prior waiver (No) - Motivation – Arbitration award – No control – Exceeding the contract’s limit – Reopening of the arbitral instance - Rejection.

(Court of cassation, 5th section, n° 4/2005, 11/1/2005, Obeji Company for consumers products SAL / Mawassem Taanayel S.A.L.)

 

 

 

N° 34

 

 

B- CASE-LAW 

 

a- Arbitral Awards

 - The partial dissidence of a member of the arbitral tribunal to a final award rendered at 19/08/2004, by Hadi SLIM.

 

b- Lebanese courts decisions

 

 - N°1- Arbitrator – Appointment – Judges cooperation – Solution of the difficulties– Recourse – Arrest of execution – Appeal – Checking of the misuse of power.

(Court of cassation, 5th section, n° 172/2004, 7/12/2004, Mohammad Sadek Al Sawwaf and co. / Fares Al Farra).

N°2- Arbitral award – Motivation – Nullity motives – Article 800 C.C.P.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, 23/12/2004, Jean Jokayem/Youssef Dagher and Elias Nakhle).

N°3- Arbitral award – Annulment request – Competence – Place of delivery of the award – Transfer from a chamber to another – Administrative measure.

(Court of cassation, 5th section, n° 184/2004, 23/12/2004, Essaaf Chaker / Georges and Khalil Abou Chedid and Kamal El Chartouni).

N°4- Enterprise contract – Public service – With the Lebanese State – Administrative contract – Arbitral award – Executive formula – Competence of the President of the State council.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n° 627, 7/4/2005, Lebanese State / Atro Asia and Rowenta international).

N°5- Arbitration – Appeal (no) – Merits of the dispute – Nullity – Arbitral award – Motivation.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, 27/1/2005, Lebanese television/ Megacom company).

N°6- Arbitral award – Nullity – Article 615 C.C.P. – Arbitration award rendered during the procedure – Interruption of the procedure – Final points.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, 3/3/2005, Dion company/ Saradar Bank).

N°7- Arbitration – Qualification of internal or international – Refusal of exequatur – Competence of the court of appeal – Deliberation between the arbitrators – Substantial rule – Effect at a foreign decision that has settled the question of the nullity of the arbitral award – Competence of Beirut’s court of appeal.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, 28/4/2005, Robert Mouawad and M.V.B. co. and Triple M. co. /Henco Heneine for construction and development).

N°8- Arbitration – Arbitrator – Appointment dispute – Recourse to a third person– Judge of urgent matters – Decision denying the appointment – No recourse – Request to the President of the tribunal of 1st instance.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, 8/5/2005, Mohammad Al Zaοm / Nabil Tinari).

 

 

c- Egyptian case-law

 

N°1- International arbitration – Arbitral award – Annulment action - Competence.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n° 65, 26/5/2004, Kamal Al Kourash/Mohammad Al Kourash).

N°2- International arbitration – Arbitral award rendered in Denmark – Foreign award – Recognition and execution – New York Convention – Competence of the tribunals.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n°7, 26/5/2004, Abd El Wahab Sleiman as director of the Galina company / Thomas Ten).

N°3- International and commercial arbitration – Arbitrator – Competence – Arbitration agreement – Precision of arbitrable matters – Explanation of the contract – Termination (no) – Nullity of the award – Matters settled by the award that are not included in the arbitration agreement.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, cases n° 84 and 85, 26/5/2004, Al Hijaz company for tourism/ Atia – Al Hijaz co./ Abd El Aziz).

N°4- International arbitration – Cairo regional center for international commercial arbitration – UNCITRAL rules – Term of arbitration – Revocation of the arbitrator.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, cases n° 282-283, 27/10/2003, Egyptian company for production / Scansca Simentation international co.).

N°5- International arbitration – Interruption of the proceedings – Arbitration convention – Arbitral tribunal – UNCITRAL rules.

(Cairo court of appeal, 75th commercial section, 9/3/2005, Egyptian company for the audio-visual production / Scansca Simentation international company, with the commentary on the last two decisions of Professor Hadi Slim).

 

 

N° 35

 

B- CASE-LAW:

 

 a- Arbitral Awards

 

 - N°1- Lease contract – Silence of the parties – Article 53 C.O.C. – Article 419 C.O.C. – Use of the local – School – Compensation – Law n° 160/92 – Additional premises – Arbitration – Arbitral award – Nullity – Exequatur.

(Arbitral award, Mr. Waκl Tabbarah, 31/1/2000, Mohammad Hammoud / “Al Makassed” association).

 

 

 b- Lebanese courts decisions

 

- N°1- State council – International arbitration - Interpretation and validity of administrative acts – Compulsory competence of Lebanese courts – Arbitration agreement – Validity – Powers of the administrative judge – International arbitration – Annulment of the International arbitral award.

(State Council, Report of the Government Commissioner, 26/4/2005, CDR / Hocthief C.C.C. Company).

 - N°2- State council – State contract - Administrative contract – Competence rules – Contract concluded before the promulgation of the law n°440/2002 – Arbitrability (no).

(State council, 14/1/2004, CDR / Hocthief C.C.C. Company). 

- N°3- Arbitration – Arbitrator – Time-limit – Settlement Attempt – Nomination by the constitutional council – No – Nullity of the arbitration award (no) – Arbitrator – Capacity – Restrictive grounds.

(Cassation court, 5th section, n°150, 9/11/2004, Al Husseini / Bank of Beirut for the trade).

 - N°4- Suspension of enforcement – Judgment enforceable by provision - Control of the court of cassation – Article 577 C.C.P. – Article 615 C.C.P.

(Court of cassation, 5th section, n° 98/2005, 28/4/2005, M. Moussa Raphaκl / Sarah and Mecha’l Adham).

 - N°5- Ad hoc amiable composition – Arbitration award – Court of appeal – Nullity of the award – Cassation – Inadmissible.

(Cassation court, 5th section, n°115/2005, 19/5/2005, Abdallah Mouja’es / Nabil and Nasser Akl).

 - N°6- Arbitration – Public policy – Determination – Arbitration procedure – Admission of the conclusions – Violation of fundamental rights (no) – Appreciation of the arbitrator – Type of arbitration – Tribunal – Ad hoc arbitration – Joint property:

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n°250/2005, 28/5/2005, Al Gemayel and Al Khal / Nahr El Kalb touristic site company).

 

 

 c- Egyptian case-Law

 

- N°1- Compulsory arbitration – Competence (no) – Renvoi –Unconstitutional – Application (no) – Retroactivity.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n°70 of the 120 judicial year, 28/4/2004, Othman Azzam / Minister of finance).

 - N°2- Compulsory arbitration – Article 66 of the law n°97/1983 – Unconstitutional - Optional arbitration – Arbitration agreement.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n°88, 28/4/2004,Al Temsah company for boats construction / Legal representative of the executive board for the execution of industrial and mineral works).

- N°3- Arbitration – Arbitration award – Minutes – Opposite evidence – Deliberation – Arbitrator – Authorization – Nullity (no).

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n°69, 28/4/2004, Engineering and construction company / President of the Supreme council of the antiques).

 - N°4- Arbitration – Arbitrator – Law n°27/1994 – Nomination of the arbitrator – Final – No recourse.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n°309, 26/5/2004, Madania company for exploitation / President of the administrative council of Al Majmoua company).

 - N°5- Arbitration – Arbitration award – Nullity – Appeal (no) – Validity of the award– Motivation.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n°66, 26/5/2004, Tanmiya company for international projects / Minister of finance).

 - N°6- Arbitration – Competence – Arbitration matter – Nomination of the arbitrator.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n°86, 26/5/2004, Mahdi, Moussa and co. / Arab and international company for investment and development).

 - N°7- International arbitration – International Chamber of Commerce – Contracting agreement – Arbitration clause – Place of arbitration – Annulment of the arbitration award – Competent tribunal – Law on arbitration – Rights of defense – Time-limit for arbitration

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n°83, 26/5/2004, Electro Tharwat co. for commerce and enterprise / Solitanch Bachi Egypt).

 - N°8- Arbitration – Agreement – Copy – Arbitral award – Nullity – Deadline for proclamation of the award – Waiver of right of opposition – Expert – Request of correction.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, cases n°10 and 77, 29/6/2004, Nesco co. for touristic exploitations / Accor co. – Accor co. / Nesco for touristic exploitations).

 - N°9- Arbitration – Arbitral award – Annulment action – Appreciation of its justification (no).

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n°36, 29/6/2004, MM group company for industry and international commerce / Minister of finance).

 - N°10- Arbitration – Award – Nullity – Revision of the merits – Revision of the arbitral award – Well founded – Exception of prescription – Wrong explanation of the law.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n°94, 29/6/2004, The comity of the New Urban areas / Arab constructors company). 

- N°11- Arbitration – Arbitrator – Choice – Abstention of one of the parties – By the tribunal.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n°26, 29/6/2004, Real Estate company / Middle East company).

 - N°12- Compulsory arbitration – Law n°97/1983 – Article 56 – Mandatory rule –Prescription – Annulment action – Arbitral award.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n°5, 29/6/2004, Minister of finance / Alexandria Bank).

 - N°13- Arbitration – Arbitral award – Nullity – Appeal (no) – Annulment judge – Competence.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n°28, 29/6/2004, Khaled Mahmoud / Minister of finance).

 - N°14- Arbitration – Arbitration clause – Insurance contract – Determination of the field – Competent jurisdiction – Annulment causes.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n°5, 25/7/2004, Insurance company Al Ahlia / Mohafez Assiout).

 - N°15- Arbitration – Arbitral award – Compulsory – Taxation text (no) – Unconstitutional – Not applicable – Retroactivity.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n°47, 25/7/2004, Director of the Comity of ownership and management and administration of the Abbassiah buildings for the construction and development / Ahmad Al Hakim). 

N°16- Arbitration – Arbitral award – Annulment action – Revision of the arbitral award (no) – Annulment judge not appeal judge – Criminal judgment – Res judicata.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n°15, 25/7/2004, Insurance company / Egyptian Foreign Bank).

 

 

N° 36

 

B- CASE-LAW

 

a- Lebanese case-law

 

 - N°1- Arbitration agreement – Arbitration – Natural person – International arbitration – Legal person.

(Tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, n°43/99, 25/1/1999, Sabah Amine Al Rayess).

 - N°2- Arbitral award – Arbitration – Internal or international – Recourse – Statute of limitation – Exequatur – International arbitration – International trade – Interests – Nullity – Contradictory principle.

(Beirut court of appeal, n°1778/2001, 10/12/2001, Jomha / Sabah Al Rayess).

 - N°3- Arbitration – Arbitrator – Personality – Seal of the company.

(Court of cassation, 5th section, n°89/2005, 19/4/2005, Al Rayess / Jomha).

 - N°4- Ad hoc arbitration – Contradictory principle – Annulment judge – Competence – Arbitrator – Ex aequo et bono – Arbitral award – Recourse – Nullity– Article 613 C.C.P. – Proportional fees.

(Court of cassation, 5th section, n°222/2005, 29/11/2005, Safa / Jammal Trust Bank and Ali Al Jammal).

 - N°5- Ad hoc arbitration – Arbitral award – Cassation – No – Court of appeal – Nullity of the arbitral award.

(Court of cassation, 5th section, n°226/2005, 30/11/2005, Solidere / Golden Rock Company and Ahmad Labdi).

 

b- Egyptian case-law

 

 - N°1- Arbitration – Procedure – Violation of a condition in the arbitration agreement – Opposition (no) – Renunciation to the opposition right – Nullity of the arbitration award – Limitative reasons – Competence of the annulment judge.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n°55, 27/2/2005, Alexandria Company for enterprise / Mohammad Alwan).

 - N°2- Arbitration – Impartiality of the arbitrator – Challenge – Impartiality and independence – Interim judgment.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n°55, 121 arbitration year, 27/2/2005, Mouawad – Eddι co. / Mohammad Al Nazer).

 - N°3- Compulsory arbitration – Arbitral award – Violation of the public policy – Unconstitutionality – Applicable (no).

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n°56, 120 arbitration year, 27/2/2005, Amine Abaza / Minister of justice and Co.).

 - N°4- Arbitration – Challenge of the arbitrator – Impartiality and independence.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n°288, 121st arbitration year, 27/2/2005, Al Oubour company for development and constructions / Ahmad Abdel Raouf Ali).

 - N°5- Arbitration – FIDIC contract – Engineer – Duty to primarily present the dispute before him.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n°64, 121st arbitration year, 30/3/2005, Nesco-Egypt Company for touristic exploitations / Mohammad Al Toukhi).

 - N°6- Arbitral award – Nullity action – No appeal – Annulment judge – Competence.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n°41, 120th arbitration year, 30/3/2005, Khaled Jamaleddine Mahmoud / Minister of finance).

 - N°7- Arbitration – State entities – Article 56 of the law n°97 – Arbitration agreement – Procedural rules – Immediate effect.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n°99, 121st arbitration year, 30/3/2005, Al Nil Company / Egypt Petroleum Company).

 - N°8- Arbitration – Procedure – Violation of a condition in the arbitration agreement – Renunciation to the opposition right – Arbitral tribunal – Competence- Arbitration agreement – Before the litigation – After the litigation – Amiable composition.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n°89, 121st judicial year, 27/4/2005, Hamdi Ahmad / Ashraf Mahmoud).

 - N°9- Arbitration – Arbitral award – Nullity – 90 days – Article 54 of the law n°27/1994.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n°89, 122nd arbitration year, 29/6/2005, President of the commission of the educative establishments / President of the Arab contractor’s co.).

 - N°10- International commercial arbitration – Award – Nullity action – Article 66/1 of the law n°97/1983 – Unconstitutional.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, cases n°30, 71, 107 and 126 for the 121st arbitration year, President of the commission of the Real Estate Company / President of Abou Zaabal Company for chemical products).

 - N°11- Arbitration – Conciliation – Agreement of the parties before the arbitration – Compulsory – Annulment judge – Nullity – Article 53 of the law n°27/1994 – Restrictive reasons for the annulment.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, case n°103 of the 121st arbitration year, 27/7/2005, Tarek Al Hadi / Ahmad Al Sabki).

 

 

N° 37

 

B- CASE-LAW

 

a- Lebanese case law

 

 - N°1- Domestic arbitration – Company contract – Joint-venture – Accounts of partners – Arbitration clause – Nomination of the arbitrator – Intuitu personae – Cases modifying the personality of the arbitrator – Challenge of the arbitrator – Impossibility to nominate a new arbitrator – End of the arbitral competence.

(President of the tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, n°49/64, 8/12/2004, The Argossy Group S.A.L. and Hawi company for enterprise and commerce S.A.R.L.).

 - N°2- International arbitration – Commercial representation agreement – International business – Criteria – Arbitration clause – Article 5 of the decree n°34/67 – Competence of the 1st instance tribunal – New York Convention – Possibility of application – International public policy – Termination of the representation agreement – Liability.

(Beirut court of appeal, 9th section, 7/10/2004, Tercon counties transportation and shipping inc. / A. Naccache company S.A.R.L.)

 - N°3- Arbitration – Arbitration clause – Deadline for arbitration – Extension – Nomination of the third arbitrator – Acceptance of the mission by the third arbitrator – Beginning of the period – Right of defense – Lis pendens – Reason for the nullity of the arbitration award (no).

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, 13/10/2005, Kamal Abdallah).

 - N°4- Arbitration – Nomination of the arbitrator – President of the tribunal of first instance – Kompenz – Kompenz principle.

(President of the tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 24/10/2005, Georges Al Ghorayeb/Alma company for construction and development).

 - N°5- Arbitration – Arbitration award – Recourse – Deadline – 30 days after the notification – Notification of the exequatur judgment – Criminal actions supersede civil actions -  Competence of the arbitral tribunal – Imperative rule – Mandatory Rule - Mandate of the arbitrator – No deadline – Not included among causes for nullity of the award.

(Cassation court, 5th section, n°23/2006, 2/2/2006, Dion company / Saradar Bank).

 - N°6- Arbitration – Principle of due hearing of the parties – Preliminary award – Notification – Necessity.

(Cassation court, 5th section, n°24/2006, 7/2/2006, Naοm / Fanitel company).

 - N°7- Arbitration – Financial markets – Creation of margins – Contradiction in the facts – Lack of motivation – Appeal and not annulment – Facts – Fault (no) – Distorsion of assertions.

(Court of cassation, 5th section, 7/2/2006, Fidus company SAL / Dagher and Assaad Hayek).

 

 

 b- Egyptian case-law

 

 -N°1- International arbitration – UNCITRAL rules – Deadline for arbitration – Cairo regional center for international commercial arbitration.

(Egyptian cassation court, commercial section, 13/12/2005, Egyptian company for the audio-visual production / Scansca Simentation international company, with the comments of Professor Hadi Slim).

 - N°2- Arbitration – Arbitration convention – Not valid – Arbitration award – Inexistence – No effect – Legal reason – Fraud.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 25/9/2005, Al Bakri / Bayoumi).

 

 c- Jordanian case-law

 

 - N°1- The arbitrator is equivalent to the judge – Application of the rules relating to judge’s incompatibility and prohibition of settling disputes – Challenge (no) – Article 132.4 C.C.P. – Arbitrator representing one of the parties – Contradiction with the article 13/306 of the law n°18/1953 – Discussion without any result.

(Court of cassation, n°36/2002, 6/2/2002).

 - N°2- Litigation Rightness – Transfer of a contract – Approval of the transferee - Articles 929 and 930 of the Civil code – Interpretation – Authenticity of an insurance policy – Arbitration clause – Arbitration condition in the insurance policy – Court expenses and lawyers fees – Appeal decision – Validity – Articles 160 and 190 C.C.P.

(Court of cassation, n°490/2002, 7/3/2002).

 - N°3- Insurance – Fees – Plaintiff beneficiaries of an insurance policy – Arbitration clause included in the insurance policy – Mandate of the plaintiffs lawyer – Scope.

(Court of cassation, n°287/2002, 19/3/2002).

 - N°4- Arbitration – Will of the parties – Recourse to the tribunals – Right of the parties.

(Court of cassation, n°1386/2002, 27/5/2002).

 - N°5- Rejection of the lawsuit in presence of an arbitration agreement – Appeal decision of rejection – Recourse.

(Court of cassation, n°1352/2002, 30/5/2002).

 - N°6- Competence – Law n°31/2001 – Application – Arbitration award made under the previous law – New law applicable (no).

(Court of cassation, n°1714/2002, 7/7/2002).

 - N°7- Motivation of the arbitration award – Content of facts and of proofs – Recourse – Rejection.

(Court of cassation, n°1014/2002, 17/7/2002).

 - N°8- Applicable law to facts – Law on arbitration n°31/2001 – Scope of application – Arbitration – Arbitration award made under the previous law– New law applicable (no).

(Court of cassation, n°1086/2002, 29/7/2002).

 - N°9- Law n°31/2001 – Scope of application – Competence.

(Court of cassation, n°1715/2002, 6/8/2002).

 - N°10- Competent tribunal – New law on arbitration – Scope of application – Arbitration under the ancient law – Valid.

(Court of cassation, n°1912/2002, 15/8/2002).

 - N°11- Applicable law on the facts – Article 4 of the law on arbitration – Application of the law n°31/2001 – Arbitration awards made under the previous law – Application of the new law (no).

(Court of cassation, n°403/2003, 1/4/2003).

 - N°12- Nullity of a procedure – Article 24 C.C.P. – Article 6 of the law on arbitration – Notification of the arbitration board – Control by the court of cassation (no).

(Court of cassation, n°765/2003, 3/4/2003).

 - N°13- Riyad Convention – Application – Article 25 of the Convention – Article 6 of the law on arbitration – Control of the court of cassation.

(Court of cassation, n°765/2003, 3/4/2003).

 - N°14- Rejection of the lawsuit because of the existence of an arbitration agreement – Application of the civil code of procedure.

(Court of cassation, n°167/2003, 2/7/2003).

 - N°15- Arbitration agreement – Scope of application – Taxes – Competence of the Minister of finance.

(Court of cassation, n°1938/2003, 25/8/2003).

 - N°16- Judicial control – Proof (no) – Wrong application of article 13 of the law on arbitration – Recourse against the tribunal’s decisions – Nullity (no).

(Court of cassation, n°1919/2003, 14/9/2003).

 - N°17- Article 16 of the law on arbitration – Interpretation – Nomination of an arbitrator – Article 16 of the law on arbitration – No recourse – New trial (no).

(Court of cassation, n°3094/2003, 10/12/2003).

 - N°18- Nomination of the arbitrator – Agreement of the parties – Validity – Application of the law – Article 16 of the law on arbitration – Arbitration panel – Three arbitrators – Court expenses and lawyers fees – to be paid by the looser.

(Court of cassation, n°3892/2003, 19/2/2004).

 - N°19- Civil public attorney and his deputies – Representation of the state in a legal case involving the treasury.

(Court of cassation, n°3849/2003, 23/2/2004).

 - N°20- Will – Arbitration convention – Against the law.

(Court of cassation, n°3189/2003, 2/3/2004).

 - N°21- Foreign arbitral award – Execution – Law n°8/1952 – Application of article 7 of 1952 law – Foreign arbitral award – Article 6 – Exequatur – Arbitration condition (no) – Article 924 of the civil law (no).

(Court of cassation, n°3203/2003, 15/3/2004).

 - N°22- Enforcement order – Recourse (no) – Refusal of execution – Recourse (yes).

(Court of cassation, n°455/2004, 8/6/2004).

 - N°23- Arbitration agreement – Referral to arbitration.

(Court of cassation, n°335/2004, 5/7/2004).

 - N°24- Decision rendered on the 2nd of December 1990 – Application of the new law (no).

(Court of cassation, n°355/2004, 3/8/2004).

 - N°25- Arbitration award rendered under the previous law – Application of the new law on arbitration (no).

(Court of cassation, n°533/2004, 3/8/2004).

 - N°26- Repayment of VAT - Competence of the 1st instance Customs Tribunal – Imported products – Tax exemption – Control of the court of cassation (no).

(Court of cassation, n°404/2004, 8/8/2004).

 - N°27- The water authority – Not included in the lease contract – Arbitration (no).

(Court of cassation, n°2263/2004, 11/10/2004).

 - N°28- Foreign arbitral award – Law n°8/1952 – Enforcement – Should be enforceable as a court judgment of the foreign country – Application of article 7 of the law – Copy of the arbitration agreement (no) – Award given in Saudi Arabia – Application of the Riyad Convention – Competent tribunal.

(Court of cassation, n°2923/2004, 30/11/2004).

 - N°29- Recourse to arbitration – Right attributed to one party – Right to go to arbitration – Validity of the agreement – The right to recourse to tribunals belongs to each person – Arbitration is excepted from that principle.

(Court of cassation, n°2537/2004, 23/12/2004).

 - N°30- Law applicable to the facts which has arisen under its regime – Arbitration award rendered under the previous law – Application of the new law (no) – Articles 15, 16 and 17 of the law n°18/1953 – Competent tribunal for the recognition of the award – Tribunal of first instance – Mandatory competence – Ratione materiae.

(Court of cassation, n°1833/2004, 11/1/2005).

 - N°31- Existence of an arbitration agreement – Necessity to plead the rejection of the lawsuit before arguing on the substance of the dispute - Violation of the law and the public policy (no) – Mandatory – Can not be waived or amended or withdrawn - Rejection (no) – Withdrawal (no).

(Court of cassation, n°3691/2004, 7/2/2005).

 - N°32- Agreement on the nomination of the arbitrators – Validity.

(Court of cassation, n°3728/2004, 20/2/2004).

 - N°33- Court of appeal – Request of the parties – Article 33/2 of the Constitution – International Treaty – Acceptance – New York Convention - Against the Constitution (no) – Law on arbitration (no) – Article 3 - Reciprocity – Article 7 of the law n°8/1952 – Merger of companies – Effect.

(Court of cassation, n°2233/2004, 20/2/2005).

 - N°34- Article 4 of the law n°31/2001 – Law n°18/1953 – Application to the arbitration awards.

(Court of cassation, n°3200/2004, 20/2/2005).

 - N°35- Tribunals of Jordan – Competence (no) – Public policy – Article 111-2 C.C.P. – Appeal.

(Court of cassation, n°3307/2004, 7/3/2005).

 - N°36- Nomination of the arbitrators – Award – Recourse (no) – Cassation (no) – Rejection – Awards nominating arbitrators – Cassation (no).

(Court of cassation, n°3820/2004, 9/3/2005).

 

 

N° 38

 

 

- Arbitral Awards 

 

N°1- Arbitration – Applicable law – Exclusive distribution contract – Conflict rules – By-Law n° 34/67 – Articles 3 and 4 − Compensation – Competence of the arbitral tribunal.

(ICC Award n° 12193/DK, Switzerland, Arbitral Tribunal under the presidency of Mr. Philippe LEBOULANGER, 30th of June 2004).

 

B – CASE LAW

 

a – Lebanese State courts decisions

 

N°1- Arbitration – Administrative contract – Competence of administrative tribunals – Arbitral award – Exequatur (No) – Applicable law – Law n° 440/2002 – Retroactivity (No) – Law of the date of the contract – Article 809 C.C.P. (No).

(President of the State Council, 15/4/2003, Lebanese company for services S.A.R.L.).

N°2- Arbitration – Arbitral award – Exequatur – Administrative contract – Conditions – Competence of administrative tribunals – Exequatur given by the president of the State Council.

(President of the Tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 28/11/2005, Phoenicia Company – Air Rinta S.A.L.).

N°3- Arbitration – Administrative contract – Competence of administrative tribunals – Exequatur – IDAL.

(Lebanese State Council, 21/2/2006, Lebanese Services Co. / Lebanese State, Ministry of Public Works and Transport), Comments by Muhieddine Kaοssi.

N°4- Ad hoc arbitration – Arbitrator – Article 579/3 C.C.P.

(Court of cassation, 5th section, n° 76/2006, 3/3/2006, Fathi-Bouri Co/ Taj Tower Co).

N°5- Arbitration – Public work contract – Competence of administrative tribunals – Exequatur – President of the State Council.

(President of the State Council, 8/3/2006, Phoenicia Air Rinta Co (PAK)).

N°6- New York Convention – Foreign Arbitral award – Exequatur – Arbitration convention – Arbitral procedure – Deliberation between arbitrators –Rules of the ICC – Rights of defense – International arbitration – International trade interests – Swiss Law.

(Court of cassation, 5th section, 27/4/2006, Heneinι Company of construction and development (Henco)/ Robert Mouawad, MVB Co., and triple M Co.).

N°7- Arbitral award – International public policy – No contradiction – Exequatur – President of the tribunal of 1st instance.

(President of the tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, n° 18/37, 3/5/2006, Glencore International Co A.G./Mobile Age off shore S.A.L.).

N°8- Arbitration – Arbitral award – Nullity – Appeal – Arbitration clause.

(Beirut Court of appeal, 3rd section, n° 1036/2006, 11/5/2006, Alma Company S.A.R.L. / Georges Ghorayeb).

N°9- Arbitration – Arbitration clause – Commercial – By Law n° 34/67 – Medias Law – Radio – Retroactivity (No) – Indemnity – Indemnity agreement (No).

(Beirut Court of appeal, 3rd section, n° 1074/2006, 18/5/2006, Roni Njeim/ Interadio Company).

N°10- Arbitration – Time-Limit – In the agreement – Legal deadline – 6 months – Extension – Before the end of the arbitral relation.

(President of the tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, n° 21/59, 18/5/2006, Ghorayeb / Alma Co. S.A.R.L.).

 

b – Egyptian case-law

 

N°1- Arbitration – Fraus omnia corrompit – Service – Nullity – Arbitration agreement – Validity (No) – Inexistence of the arbitral award – No judicial effect.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 25/9/2005, Zein Al Abidin Ahmad Al Bakri/Mohammad Bayoumi).

N°2- Arbitral award – Nullity – 90 days – Annulations judge – Article 53 of the arbitration law - Law n° 27/1994.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 25/9/2005, Medina company for investment / Abdel Jawad and Ismaοl and Co.).

N°3- Article 58/3 of the arbitration law – Unconstitutional – Constitutional court – Enforcement judge – New York Convention.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 25/9/2005, Abdel Wahab Sleiman/Thomas Ten as the directory of the Danish Dairy Co).

N°4- Legal qualification – Arbitration – Arbitral award – Nullity – 90 days – Res judicata.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 29/11/2005).

N°5- Arbitral award – No Service – Recourse deadline.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 29/11/2005, Ragab Kamal Rabih / Ragab Abdel Hamid Rabih).

N°6- Arbitration agreement – No Nullity – Article 53 of the Law n° 27/1994 – Validity and enforcement of sale contract – Publicity – Arbitration convention – Nullity – Illegal ground.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 29/11/2005, heirs of Khalil /Aliwa).

N°7- Arbitration – Dispute with the customs – Nullity – Grounds imitatively enumerated.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 28/12/2005, Ali Ahmad as legal representative of the Egyptian industry / Minister of finances).

N°8- Judicial fees – Article 50 of the Law n° 90/1944.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 28/12/2005, Association of Alexandria’s businessmen/Minister of justice).

N°9- Arbitration – Award – Recourse – Nullity – Limitatively enumerated grounds – Article 53 of the Law n° 27/1994.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 28/12/2005, Petrogaz company / Minister of finances).

N°10- Arbitral award – Service – Clause – Imported merchandise.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 28/12/2005, Minister of finance / Dar Al Salam company for import).

N°11- Arbitration – Nullity action – Time-Limit for recourse – Property of the state – Imperative rules – Arbitration convention – Nullity – Contrary to public policy.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 29/1/2006, Ahmad Merhi / Yojo Egypt company and the minister of justice).

N°12- Arbitration – Arbitral award – 90 days – Res judicata – Contrary to the public policy – Contracts – Publicity – Arbitration agreement – Nullity – Fraud.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 29/1/2006, Director of the new companies group / Dream Land company).

 

 

N° 39

 

 

a- Arbitral awards.

 

 N°1- International arbitration – Amiable composition – Sale contract – Goods – Defect – Time-limit – Seven days fixed by article 446 COC – Serving of the vendor – 30 days time-limit fixed in article 463 COC.

(Arbitral award, M. Adel Boutros, n°32/M, 23/12/2004, Al Sultan Company for food products/ Prealpi SPA Industria Casearia).

 

 b- Lebanese courts decisions.

 

 N°1- International arbitration – Extension of the time-limit – Date of demand – Before the end of the legal or contractual time-limit – Beginning – Application of article 773 combined with article 812 CCP.

(President of Tribunal of first instance of Beirut, 1st chamber, decision n° 3/38 bis of 2/2/2006, Sabah Amin El Rayyes, with comments of Nathalie Najjar, see articles section). 

N°2- International arbitration – Challenge of arbitrator – Application of article 770 combined with article 120 CCP – Independance of the arbitrator – Definition – Previous knowledge of the case – Prior opinion – Reason for challenge.

(Tribunal of first instance of Beirut, decision n° 14/33 of 19/4/2006, George Hanna Jomaa / Sabah El Rayyes, with comments of Nathalie Najjar, see articles section).

 N°3- Urgent matters – Breach of representation contract – No prior summons – Violation of the contract – Compensation – Provisional relief – No legal ground – Facts insufficient to justify the solution of the attacked award – Nullity – Exclusive representation contract – Cease of relationship – Time-limit – Beginning – Arbitration clause – International arbitration – Imperative rules – Competence of the arbitrators – Separability of arbitration clause – Specifications of the debt – Renewal of contract – Grounds for compensation.

(Cassation court, 5th section, 20/2/2003, Clebia Co./ Jacobs Suchard Co.).

 N°4- International arbitration – Amiable composition – Article 809 C.C.P. – Arbitral award – Nullity grounds – Different from appeal – Competence of the Court of appeal – Review of the merits (no).

(Court of appeal of Beirut, 3rd section, 22/6/2006, Prealpi SPA Industria Casearia/ Al Sultan company for food products).

 N°5- Arbitration clause – Provisional relief – Competence of the judge of urgent matters – Res judicata.

(Beirut judge of urgent matters, n°473/2002, 19/11/2002, Inter France media limited/F.F.A.I).

 N°6- Arbitration – Urgent matters – Arbitration clause – Competence of judge of urgent matters – Insurance contract.

(Judge of urgent matters of the Metn, decision n°298/2004 of 8/6/2004, Arleva / Libano-Suisse).

 N°7- Sale contract – Transmission – Arbitration clause – Transmission with the main contract.

(Court of appeal of the North, decision n°284/2004 of 22/3/2004, Al Fawal, Al Masri and Al Jamali / Al Hallab and Sayegh).

 N°8- Arbitration – Formal defence – Decision rejecting the defence and designating an expert – Recourse unaccepted before the judgment ending the instance – Article 615 CCP – Mala fide – Compensation – Sanction.

(Court of appeal of Beirut, 3rd section, 23/2/2006, Sakr, Semaan & others / Joseph Abou Halloun).

 N°9- Appeal – Demands – Article 655 C.C.P. - Demands not mentioned in the final requests section – Substantial defect – Related to public policy – Appeal rejected.

(Court of appeal of Beirut, 3rd chamber, 23/2/2006, Federal Bank / Salaheddine  Alwane)

 

 c –Egyptian case-law.

 

 N°1- Arbitration – Award – Nullity – Public policy – Real estate sale contract – Judicial fees – Publication – Fraud.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 29/1/2006, Director of al mujtamaat al umraniyya Committee / Legal representative of the Egyptian company for advanced education and friends).

 N°2- Arbitration – Arbitral clause – Arbitration agreement – Arbitral award – Nullity.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 29/1/2006, case n°77, Al Chark company for insurance / Legal representative of Spiro Plastic company).

 N°3- Arbitration – Desert – Ownership – Arbitrability (no) – Public policy.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 29/1/2006, Ahmed Merhi / Yojo Egypt international company).

 N°4- Arbitration – Award – Recourse – Nullity – 90 days – Res Judicata – Minor – Tutor – Public policy – Inter alia action.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 27/2/2006, Marwan Abdel Latif / Legal representative of I.H.S. company).

 N°5- Arbitration – Arbitration clause – Separability – Agreement – Renewal of the main contract – Effect on arbitration clause – Transaction – Arbitrators – Deliberation.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 29/3/2006, Sina company for tourism / Middle East company for investments).

N°6- Arbitration – Award – Nullity – Grounds of nullity – Article 53 of the law n°27/1994.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 29/3/2006, Minister of finance / Legal representative of Louna company for industrial investments).

 N°7- Arbitration – Award – Recourse – Nullity – Time-limit – Res judicata – Relative effect – Real parties – Rules of procedure – Application in arbitration (no).

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 29/3/2006, Al Tatbikayn order / Minister of justice).

  

 

N° 40

 

A - CASE-LAW

 

 a- Arbitral awards.

 

N°1- Arbitration – Enterprise  Contract – FIDIC – Lump sum Contract – Remeasurement Contract (No) – Fraud – Manœuvers – Professional – Countreclaim – Retention – Penalty clause – Accounts.

(Arbitral Award – Professor Ibrahim NAJJAR, 15/12/2006, Bauhof Lebanon / Decoma, with its exequatur).

b- Lebanese state courts decisions

N°1- Arbitrator – Challenge – Request – Time-limit – Previous Knowledge of the grounds for challenge – Arbitrator – Obligation to inform the parties – Grounds for challenge.

(Tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 1st section, n° 16, 10/3/2004, Hawi company for enterprise and trade SARL/Diaa Al Dine Al Atassi).

N°2- Commercial agency – Competence – Article 5 of by-law n° 34/67 – Arbitral clause – No effect – Obligatory competence – Public policy.

(Court of cassation, 4th Section, n° 3, 14/4/2005, Kaldani company / Sellier and Bellot co. and M. Bassam Hechmι with comments of D. Hadi Slim, see supra p.57).

N°3- Ad hoc arbitration – Contradictory principle – Nullity – Conditions – Recourse against the decision – Fixed fee – Convictions of the arbritator – Decision inspired by law – Control of the tribunal – Existence of the grounds not their validity.  

(Court of cassation, 5th section, n° 223, 29/11/2005, M.B.S. Law firm and Co./ Jammal Trust Bank and M. Ali Al Jammal). 

N°4- Arbitration – Arbitrator – Nomination – Difficulty – President of the tribunal of 1st instance – Recourse unaccepted against the decision.

(Court of appeal of Mount Lebanon, n° 63/2006, 2/5/2006, Al inshaa’ company for trade / Trigonhan co. S.A.R.L.).

N°5- Arbitration – Arbitration clause – Arbitrator – Absence of designation – Nullity.

(President of the tribunal of 1st instance of Mount Lebanon, n° 30/2006, 21/2/2006, Nabil Aref Bou Ezzeddine / Daoud Bou Hamdan).

N°6- Arbitration – Labor – Competence – Incompetence of the ordinary tribunals.

(Tribunal of 1st instance of Mount Lebanon, 3rd section, n° 88, 23/6/2005, Sicali and Sicageste / Casino du Liban).

N°7- Arbitration – Arbitrator – Legal grounds – Right of defense – Contradictory principle – Arbitration award – Obligatory mentions – Annulment.

(Beirut Court of Appeal, n° 186/2006, 30/11/2006, Financial Arab Company).

 

 

N° 41

 

B- CASE -LAW

 

a- Lebanese courts decisions.

 

N°1- Arbiration – Forgery – Conditions – Jurisdiction – Receipt – Main action – Accessory action – Final award – Cassation – Recourse – Judgment – Correct reasoning – Confirmation – Contradiction – Interpretation of an award.

(Court of cassation, 5th section, n° 35, 8/7/2004, Franηois Saade / Maronite Marital order).

N°2- Arbitration – Award – Recourse – Cassation – Conditions – Contradiction – Setting the dispute after annulation of the award – Inheritance – Jurisdiction.

(Court of cassation, 5th section, n° 12, 24/1/2006, Jubran Khalil and Co. / Sorin Khan Amirian and Co.).

N°3- Arbitration – Provisional measures – Competence of  the arbitrator.

(Beirut’s referee judge, n° 252, 17/4/2006, Union company for publication / Social and cultural development).

N°4- Arbitration – Appointment of the arbitrator – Decision of the president of 1st instance – Recourse – Violation of the appointment mechanism agreed by the parties.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n° 1280, 15/6/2006, Fares Al Farra / Mohammad Al Sawaf and Co.).

N°5- Arbitration – Time-limit – Determination – Date of the request – End of arbitration.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n°1280, 6/7/2006, Nabil Bachaalany / Georges and Khalil Choueiter).

N°6- International arbitration – Award – Exequatur – Appeal – Article 817 C.C.P – Res judicata – International public policy.

(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n° 1414, 6/7/2006, Khaled Youssef Al Marzouk / Faysal Al Marzouk and Co.).

N°7- Amiable composition – Parties agreement – Award – Recourse – Appeal – No cassation – Application of equity rules – Application of the law.

(Court of cassation, 5th section, n°11/2007, 29/1/2007, Prealpi S.P.A. / Industria Casaeria).

N°8- International arbitration – Appointement of the arbitrator – Arbitration agreement – Applicable rules – Jurisdiction – Arbitration agreement’s elements required.

(President of the tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 5/3/2007, Sabah Al Rayess / Georges Jomha).

 

 b- Egyptian case-law

 

 N°1- Arbitration – Customs – Jurisdiction of the arbitral board – Award – Nullity – Grounds of nullity – Limitative – Review of the award – Controle of the misinterpretation of the law or the lack of reasoning (No).

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 26/4/2006, Minister of finance / ITA company for trade).

 N°2- Arbitration – Arbitral award – Notification (no) – Recourse – Time-limit.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 26/4/2006, case n°90, Minister of finance / Egyptian – Scandinavian Company for import and export). 

N°3- International arbitration – ICC – Jurisdiction (no) – Mission – Arbitration clause – Arbitration agreement – Determination – Review of the award – Venture – Nullity of the award – No appeal.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 26/4/2006, Aviation and hotels company / MBH company).

 N°4- A            rbitration – Arbitration agreement – Interpretation – Real will of the parties – Power of the judges.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 26/4/2006, Director of Petrogaz company / Legal representative of M.T.H. company).

 

 

N° 42

 

B- CASE -LAW

 

a- Lebanese state courts decisions

 

19- N°1- Arbitration – International or domestic arbitration – Proxy and arbitration –Liability of State for its judges.

    (Supreme Court, n° 1/2004, 26/3/2004, Mohamad Rida Sinjabeh / Lebanese State).

 22-N°2- Arbitral award – Exequatur – Judge of urgent matters (no) – Competence – Administrative contract – Caracteristics – Competence of the State Council’s President. 

    (President of the tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, n° 34, 28/11/2005, Phoenicia Arenta co / Lebanese State).

 23-N° 3- Arbitration – Number of the arbitrators– Appointment of the third arbitrator – Court of appeal – Sections – Competence – Arbitration clause – Nullity (no) – Article 771-2 CCP – Competence of         the arbitrator – Litigation in the execution of the contract – Execution, Termination and nullity of the contract – Recourse – Mission of the arbitrator – Execution of the contract.

     (Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, 22/3/2007, Abbas / Sinno and Majdalani).

 32-N° 4- Arbitration – Nullity request – Proportional fees.

     (Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, 24/4/2007, Chamoun / Chamoun).

 

     b- Egyptian case – law

 

 33-N° 1- Arbitration – Customs – Arbitral award – Recourse – Nullity – Limitative reasons – Annulation recourse – Review of the merits (no).

     (Cairo court of appeal, 91st Commercial section, Case n° 92, 29/11/2004, Karam Abou Sarih / Minister of Finance). 

34-N° 2- Arbitration – Arbitral award – Nullity – 90 days – Res judicata.

     (Cairo court of appeal, 91st Commercial Section, case n° 74, Tatbikain order / Arab Company for enterprise).

 36- N° 3- Arbitration – Arbitral award – Arbitration tribunal – Jurisdiction – Nullity.

     (Cairo court of appeal, 91st Commercial section, case n° 55, Alexandria Company for constructions / Golden Piramids Plaza).

 37-N° 4- Arbitration – Arbitral award – Recourse – Proceedings.

     (Cairo court of appeal, 91st Commercial section, case n° 51, 27/2/2003, Hyundai engineering and construction limited company / Alexandria and Asswan Company for marble). 

39-N° 5- Arbitral award – Recourse – Nullity – Article 53 of the arbitration law – Review of the merits (no).

 (Cairo court of appeal, 91st Commercial section, case n° 88, 27/2/2005, Meccawi / Minister of Finance).

 40-N° 6- Arbitrator – Impartiality – Challenge – Independence – Recourse against the arbitral award.

     (Cairo court of appeal, 91st Commercial section, case n° 445, 27/2/2005, Egyptian company for touristic development / Hatem Jabr).

 41-N° 7- Arbitration – Arbitrator – Arbitration agreement – Powers of the arbitrator – Nullity of the agreement – Nullity of the award – Article 53 of the arbitration law – Real estate – Sale contract – Nullity         – Fraus to law.

 (Cairo court of appeal, 91st Commercial section, case n° 95, 27/4/2005, Mohamad Khalifι and co / Mohamad Salameh and co).

 

 

N° 43

 

B- CASE -LAW

 

 a- Lebanese Courts decisions

 

 N°1- Commercial distributorship agency – Arbitral award – IATA arbitral clause – International convention – Jurisdiction of the tribunals of the place where the commercial agent practices his activity – Hierarchy of the norms.

(Tribunal of 1st instance of North Lebanon, 1st section, n° 28/2004, 15/1/2004, Madih Abdel Aziz Chami / Koweity airways with comments by Mr. Hadi SLIM).

 N°2- International arbitration – Time-limit – Reduction – Mechanism – ICC arbitration – International public policy – Violation (no) – Internal rules violation (no) – Enforcement of arbitral award conditioned upon a clause or a mechanism.

(Beirut Court of appeal, 3rd section, n° 792, 24/2/2007, Ciment Holding SAL L Welson Holding SAL).

 N°3- Amiable composition – Judgment in law – Judgment in equity – Arbitral award – Final – Opening of the hearing – Winding up of the company – Separability of the arbitration clause – Contractual clauses – Public policy (non) – Modification – Award rendered in violation of the mission of the arbitrator – Nullity.

(Beirut Court of appeal, 3rd section, 16/10/2007, Mokheiber and the food supply stores, with comments by Mr. Ibrahim NAJJAR).

 

 b- Egyptian case – law

 

 N° 1- Arbitration – Nullity – Limitative causes.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st Commercial section, 28/3/2007, Shneider Electric / Minister of finance).

N° 2- Amiable composition – Law n° 27/1994 – Arbitral tribunal – Nullity recourse – No appeal.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st Commercial Section, 30/1/2007, Arab company for enterprise / Legal representant of “Rmeih” company for enterprise and import).

 N° 3- Arbitration – Arbitral tribunal – Time-limit for arbitration - Extension.

(Cairo court of appeal, 91st Commercial section, 29/11/2006, Al Nada association for cooperative housing / Cooperative association for construction and housing).

 

 

N° 44

 

B - CASE – LAW

 

a - Arbitral Awards

 

N°1 - Arbitration – Administrative contract – Public sector – Competence of the arbitrator – Compensation – Nullity for exceed of power – Term of limitation – Interruption.

(Final arbitral award, Arbitration tribunal composed by Mr. Raymond Maalouf, Mr. Mahmud Monla and Mr. Georges Zeidan, 16/7/2004, Company for the direction and exploitation of the Beirut port / Lebanese State, with the dissidence of Mr. Georges Zeidan).

 

B - Lebanese courts decisions

 

N° 1- Arbitration – Appointment of an arbitrator – Absence of one party – President of the tribunal of 1st instance – Competence of the arbitrator – Principle of competence of the arbitrator to rule over his jurisdiction – Principle of the relative effect of the contract.

(President of the tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 8/5/2006, Bankers for insurance / Murex Holding Company).

N° 2 - International arbitration – Arbitrator – Challenge – The obligation of disclosure of the grounds of challenge – Signature of the arbitral award – Award rendered by the arbitrator (yes) – No special agreement – Internal rules of arbitration – Grounds of challenge of the arbitrator – Limitative grounds – Time-limit for the presentation of the challenge request.

(Tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 1st section, 19/4/2006, Georges Jomha / Sabah Al Rayess).

N° 3 -  Third arbitrator – Appointment – Methods – Will of the parties – Third  arbitrator appointed by the referee judge – Cooperation of the judge for the appointment of the arbitrator – Conditions – Follow-up of the methods of appointment of the arbitrator – Obstacle.

(President of the tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 17/3/2004, ECT Group / Al Makassed Association for Islamic Charity).

N° 4 -  Arbitration – Administrative contract – Appointment by the Counsel of ministers – Arbitration clause – Validity – Number of the arbitrators – Ordinary arbitration.

(President of the tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 2/10/2004, Stephan Company for Investment and Trade / Lebanese State – Ministry of public works)

 N° 5 - Arbitration – Appointment of an arbitrator – Methods – Appointment by the President of the tribunal of 1st instance.

(President of the tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 3/3/2003, Tabbarah / Al Farra)

 N° 6 -  Arbitration – Rejection of the request of appointment of an arbitrator – Res judicata (no) – Obstacle to the appointment of an arbitrator – Appointment by the President of the tribunal of 1st instance – Competence of the arbitrator.

(President of the tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 7/2/2005, ECT Group / Al Makassed association for Islamic charity).

N° 7 - Arbitration – Arbitrator – Challenge request – 15 days – Grounds – Obligation of disclosure to the parties – Obligation of the arbitrator.

(Tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 1st section, 14/4/2004, Eid/ Al Sayegh and Bou Sejaan).

N° 8 - Arbitrator – Challenge – Limitative grounds – Article 120 C.C.P. – Grounds appearing after the appointment of the arbitrator.

(President of the tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 29/06/2005, Mokheiber & Food Supply Co. / Chemaly).

N° 9 - Arbitration – Appointment of the arbitrator – Validity of the arbitration clause – Law related to the organization of lawyers’ profession.  

(President of the tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 25/4/2005, Georges Asly / Walid Fares).

 N° 10 - Arbitration – Agreement – Acceptance of the arbitrator – Beginning of time-limit of the arbitration – Arbitrator – Challenge – Grounds – Doubts concerning his independence and his freedom of speech – Judicial proxy.

(Tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 1st section, 6/6/2007, Talal Waznι / Jnah Development Company).

 N° 11 - Arbitration clause – Rent – Extension of the rent – Extension of the arbitrator clause (no) – Lapsed. 

(President of the tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 5/4/2004, Al Ghanj / UNRWA). 

N° 12 - Arbitration – Challenge of the arbitrator – Competence of the tribunal of 1st instance – Special text – Article 775 C.C.P. – Grounds for challenge of the arbitrator – Before the closing of the proceedings.

(Tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 1st section, 2/3/2006, Chamoun / Sayegh and Bou Sejaan).

 N° 13 - Arbitration – Appointment of the arbitrator – President of the tribunal of 1st instance.

(President of the tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 4/11/2004, Mouawad / Kalaouz).

 N° 14 - Arbitrator – Appointment – Absence of consent due to the unknown place of one party – Cooperation  of the judge – Competence of the president of the tribunal of 1st instance.

(President of the tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 16/1/2004, Kabbany / Global clean industries SAL).

 

 

N° 45

 

B – CASE LAW


      
a – LEBANESE STATE COURTS DECISIONS

 

N°1 – Arbitrator – Challenge – Competence failing a clear provision – Time-limit Grounds for challenge – Family relationship – Litigation with a natural person – Litigation with a company – Board member – Personal interest.
(Tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 1st section, n° 7/11, 3/3/2005, Lilly Khattar / Khattar electronics and the arbitrator M. Georges Raphael).

N° 2 – Arbitral award – Recourse – Arbitration ex aequo et bono – Cassation (no).
(Court of cassation, n° 43/2007, 15/3/2007, Georges Karam / NBN).

N° 3 – Arbitration – Arbitral award – Nullity – Capacity of the parties – Contradictory principle – Rights of defense – Public policy – Withdrawal – Express or tacit – Delay in the appointment of the arbitrator – No tacit withdrawal.
(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, 22/6/2006, Georges Karam / NBN).

N° 4 – Arbitral award – Mention of the place where the award was rendered – Competence – Court of appeal where the exequatur has been rendered – Place set by the arbitrator.
(Court of cassation, 5th section, n° 45/2007, 20/3/2007, Nabih Hassan Al Hajj / Hassan Al Hajj Hussein).

N° 5 – Recourse – Qualification – Agreement of the parties – Modification of the qualification – Recourse – time-limit.
(Court of cassation, 5th section, n° 47/2007, 27/3/2007, Oueida / Oueida).

N° 6 – Arbitral award – Proof – Rights of defense – Breach of the contract – Public policy – Violation (no) – Equity and justice principle.
(Beirut court of appeal, n° 664/2007, 3/5/2007, Elias Farah / Global 2000 company).

N° 7 – Arbitration – Arbitrator – Challenge request – Competence of the Center that appointed him.
(Court of cassation, 5th section, 13/11/2007, Yazbeck and Kanaplast / Lebanese leasing company).

N° 8 – Exequatur – Arbitration – Arbitral award – Dispute – Competence of the administrative jurisdictions – Exequatur (no) – Opposition – Time-limit Grounds of rejection – Grounds of nullity – Violation of a public policy rule – Administrative contract – Prohibition of arbitration in administrative contracts before the law n° 440/2002 – Law n°608/1997 – Special text – Authorization of arbitration.
(State council, n° 181/2007, 28/11/2007, Stephan company for investment / Minister of public works).

N° 9 – Arbitration – Arbitral award – Time-limit – Authentic deed – Grounds for nullity – Article 800 CCP – Motivation.
(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, 6/12/2007, Al Saoud / Al Ittihad for engineering and enterprise).

N° 10 – Arbitration – Statute of limitation – Interruption – Judiciary or extra judiciary request – Warning (no) – Arbitrator – Challenge – Grounds – Notification of the parties – Provisional execution –Violation of public policy – Partial annulment of the arbitral award.
(Beirut court of appeal, n° 8/2007, 3/1/2008, Sinno / Jabbour).
N° 11 – International arbitration – International public policy – Determination – Arbitral award – Limits of the mission of the arbitrator.
(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n° 32/2008, 10/1/2008, Mobile Age offshore / Cargill international).

N° 12 – International arbitration – Public policy – Appeal against an international arbitral award – Extension of the arbitrator’s powers – International public policy – Nullity of the international arbitral award – Grounds limitatively enumerated.
(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n° 301/2008, 21/2/2008, Khaled Al Fares and co / M.D.C.).

N° 13 – Arbitration – Arbitral award – Nullity – Error – Tacit confirmation – Nullity request – Acceptance of the appointment of arbitral tribunal –Impossibility to put forward the illegality of the appointment – Arbitrator – Overgoing the limits of the mission of the arbitrator – Decision not to settle certain claims – Competence of the court of appeal – Nullity – Annulation of the arbitration award (no) – Neutrality – Put forward during the challenge recourse and not the recourse in annulation of the award.
(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n° 302/2008, 21/2/2008, Al Sayegh / Charbel Ghanem).

N° 14 – Appeal – Time-limit – Notification of the decision – Warning – Notification – Procedure – Article 405 CCP – To send a copy of the decision with the notification.
(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, 19/2/2008, Bank of Beirut / Adel son of Cherif Mohammad, son of King Faysal).

N° 15 -  Arbitration – Mandatory – Challenge – Reasons for Challenge.
(Tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 1st section, n° 13/36, 5/5/2008, Al Bitar / Al Kaddoum and Hneineh).
 

N° 16 – Arbitration – Procedure – Judge of urgent matters – Competence – Appointment of an arbitrator – Decision – No recourse.
(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n° 758/2008, 20/5/2008, Al Dana company for cinemas and movies / Italy movie company).

N° 17 – International arbitration – Arbitral award – Recourse – Nullity – Limitative grounds – Time-limit of the award – Extension – Arbitration clause – Independant from the contract.  
(Beirut court of appeal, 3rd section, n° 767/2008, 20/5/2008, Jalal Ibrahim Hussni Bey).

N° 18 -  Arbitral award – Exequatur – Refusal – Reasons.
(Tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut 1st section, n° 15/54, 21/5/2008, Walid Al Kashef).

N° 19 – Arbitration – Arbitrator – Challenge – Reasons.
(Tribunal of 1st instance of Beirut, 1st section, 16/50, 2/6/2008, Al Chalouhi / Al Tbaily).

 

 

b – EGYPTIAN CASE – LAW

 

N°1 – Arbitral award – Nullity – Rules of procedure – Respect.
(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 27/12/2006, Director of Al Oubour company for development and constructions / Usine Export company).

N° 2 – Arbitral award – Nullity – Withdrawal of the process.
(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 27/12/2006, Egypt information center / Hewlett – Packard international Bank).

N° 3 – Arbitration – Constitutional court – Public service – Company – Arbitral award – Nullity – Grounds limitatively enumerated.
(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 29/11/2006, Alexandria Bank / Director of the insurance union).

N° 4 – Arbitral award – Execution – Order on request – First instance tribunal – Treaty.
(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 27/2/2007, Cimenco Egypt / Nikelson Company).

N° 5 – Arbitral award – Execution – Exequatur – Order on request.
(Cairo court of appeal, 91st commercial section, 28/3/2007, Hodroj / Minister of justice and co.).

 

 

N° 46

 

B – Lebanese Case – Law

 

N° 1 - Exequatur – Arbitration – Arbitral award – Competence ratione matariae – Court of appeal – Rendering of the exequatur.
(Court of appeal of Casablanca, n° 569, 5/3/2008, Malika Al Saοdi / Moroccan Company for navigation, with the comments of Dr. Riyad FAKHRI).                                                                                                                  
N° 2 - Arbitration – Act of trade – Competence ratione materiae – Administrative contract - Court appeal.
(Court of appeal of Casablanca, n° 548/2000 and 549/2000, 14/3/2000, Civic community of moulay Yussef and friends / Moroccan Union Company for construction and contracting and friends).

N° 3 -  Arbitration – Arbitral award – Recourse – Revision – Contract – Contractual commitments.
 (Commercial Tribunal of Casablanca – Judgment n° 1423/2002 of 30/1/2002, Abdel Rahim HAnouf / Mohammad HAnouf).

N° 4 - Arbitration – Arbitral award – Exequatur –  External controle.
(Commercial Tribunal  of Casablanca, n° 6883/2002, Ibn El Zayadyat Establishment / Captain of the boat Kanane Arikane).

N° 5 - Arbitration – Arbitral award – Enforcement – Exequatur – Conditions.
(President of the commercial Tribunal of Casablanca, n° 3769/2002, 11/7/2002, Farmer’s cooperative for starch / Fruli Company Pat).

N° 6 -  Arbitration - Action – Withdrawal – Effect.
(Commercial Tribunal of Casablanca, n° 11282/2002, 24/10/2002, Moroccan Bank of Foreign Trade / Roland Sil Spadrich).                        

N° 7- Arbitration – Competence ratione materiae – Court of appeal – Commercial relationship (No) – Public person.                                 
(Court of appeal of Casablanca, n° 1018/2003, 25/3/2003, the representative of the kingdom / «Sada» Company of Morocco).

N° 8 -  Arbitration – Contract – Law of the parties – Center of arbitration and meditation – Appointment of an arbitrator – Challenge.
(Commercial Tribunal of Casablanca, n° 10888/2003, 9/12/2003, Alsthom Company -  Morocco / Van Roll Company).

 N° 9 -  Arbitration – Arbitral award – Res judicata – Cease of enforcement – Competence of the president of the Court of appeal.
(Commercial Court of appeal of Casablanca, n° 631/2005, 24/2/2005, Company B2L «Tamara al Nassij» / Mayo Michel).
N° 10 – International arbitration – New York Convention – Exequatur – Competence – President of the commercial Tribunal.
(Court appeal of Casablanca, n° 4607/2002, 13/12/2005, Petrolium exploration Company / Krosko integrated and oil services).

N° 11 -  Arbitration – Arbitral award – Recourse – Revision – No cease of enforcement – the notion of difficulty – Exequatur.
(Court of appeal of Casablanca, n° 1498/2006, 21/3/2006, B2L «Tamara al Nassij» company / Michel and co).

N° 12 -   Arbitration – Agreement of the parties – Appointment of one or more   arbitrators – Handwritten condition.
(Court of appeal of Casablanca, 25/4/2006, Civil Company of real estate «Al Massira Al Hassaniya» / National fund for social security).                                                                                                                
N° 13 - Arbitration – Arbitral award – Exequatur – President of the Tribunal of first instance – Nullity (No).
(Commercial Tribunal of Casablanca, 5/6/2006, Representative of Syriliks Company / Tridicran Company).

N° 14 – Arbitral award – Exequatur – Competence – Recourse –  Revision action.
(President of the commercial Court of appeal of Casablanca, 28/7/2006, B2L «Tamara al Nassij» Company  / Mayo Michel and comp).

N° 15 - Arbitration – Arbitral award – Exequatur – Public order – Article 306 – CCP – No discussion of the merits.
(Commercial Court of appeal  of Casablanca, n° 5122/2006, 7/11/2006, B2L - «Tamara al Nassij» Company  / Mayo Michel).

N° 16 -  Arbitration – Foreign award – Exequatur – Competence ratione materiae - President of the commercial tribunal – New York Convention – Jurisdiction of the arbitral tribunal – Amicable settlement of the dispute – Clear and express will of the parties to come back to arbitration – Ex aecquo et bono annulled – No authority of the tribunal.
(Commercial Court of appeal of Casablanca, n° 5369/2006, 21/11/2006, Petrolium exploration Company / Crosco integrated and oil services).

 N° 17 -  Arbitration – Arbitrator - Arbitral award – Volontary execution.
(Commercial Court of appeal of Casablanca, n° 1672/2007, 20/03/2007 Space Company Bab enfa L.L.C / National Company for insurance).

N° 18 -  Arbitration – Arbitral agreement – International – Written Condition – not fulfilled – Internal arbitration – Condition imposed.
(Commercial Court of appeal of Casablanca, n° 3908 /2007, 17/07/2007 Agri  Trade Company, Morocco / Ever Trade Company).

N° 19 -  Arbitration – Foreign award – Exequatur – Competence of the president of the commercial Tribunal – Article 320 CCP – Company – Territorial Competence – New York Convention –
(Commercial Court of appeal of Casablanca, n° 4351/2007, 25/9/2007, Morocco Company for entertainment / France Quick Company).

 

 

N° 47

Case Law

 

FRENCH CASE LAW

 

N° 1 International arbitration – International public order – Violation – Condition – Apparent violation of an essential rule of law and a fundamental principal – Article 6 ECHR – Control of the merits – Forbidden for the annulation judge.

(Paris Court of Appeal, 1st Chamber, President Pιriι, Counselors Matet and Hascher, 25 September 2008, Joseph Abela Foundation / Family Foundation Albert Abela & friends)

N° 2 International arbitration – Deliberation – Principle of collegiality – Control of the merits of the award – Forbidden – Award – Title authorizing conservatory measures.

(Paris Court of appeal, 1st chamber, 10 January 2008, Robert Moawad & others / Henco co).

 

DOMESTIC CASE LAW

 

1- ARBITRAL AWARDS

 

N° 1 – Arbitration – Administrative contract – Incompetence plea – Commercial agency – Agreement on the fact that one should not invoke its capacity as an agent – Prohibition – By-law related to public order – Qualification of the administrative contract – Clause exorbitant from ordinary law – Individual behaviour – Determination of public service – The fact of raising by-law n° 34/67 at all steps of the procedure – Related to public order. (Lebanese center for Arbitration – Partial Award of 15/6/2007 rendered by Professor Ibrahim Najjar, Case n° 44/M, Electric Equipment co / Mobile Interim Company number 2)

 

2- Lebanese COURTS Case Law

 

N° 1 – Association – Membership – Constitution – Difference – Memorandum and articles of association – Nature – Contractual or regulatory – Arbitration – Absence of will of the parties in the regulatory memorandum – Arbitration clause –Holding simultaneously the function of president of the faculty and secretary general – Being Judge and Party – Lack of independence and impartiality – Capacity of the word counsel of the Lebanese University – Interest to sue – Statute of limitation to present an action for annulation from the congress members among it the election of the administrative committee – Statute of limitation of ten years – Call of a branch or an establishment from abroad – Time-limit of 3 month – Not respected – Nullity of recourse. (Tribunal of first instance of Beirut, 28/5/2007 n° 63/2007, Najem / Lebanese cultural University in the world)

 

N° 2 – Arbitration – Estoppel principal – General rule – Signature – President of the board of directors – Signature of the contract – Arbitral tribunal – Number of the arbitrators – Even – Nullity (Non) – Completed by adding an arbitrator – Number uneven – Prorogation of the time-limit – Article 773 LCCP – Presentation of a request – Qualification of the relation between the parties – Portion of the monthly fees – Mission of the arbitral tribunal – Contradictory principle – Control of the tribunal (No) – Appeal – Nullity recourse – Expert valuation – Control of the motivation (No). (Beirut Court of appeal, 3rd chamber, 6/12/2007, Sakr Semaan & friends / Joseph Abou Halloun)

 

N° 3 – Arbitration – Unity of the subject – Examination of the consequences of the nullity related to the parties – Distortion of the award – Cause of the action – Legal behaviour – Contract – Legal Fact – Illegal. (Court of appeal of Beirut, 9th ch., n° 1646 of 13/12/2007, Promotion Entreprice SAL / Syriac Catholic Patriarchate)

 

N° 4 – Arbitration – Same cause and subject – Renewal of the debates (No) – Award – Annulation by the will of the parties (No) – Recourses – Determination. (Tribunal of first instance of Mount Lebanon, 5th ch, n°186, 8/4/2008, Toufic Younes / Adnane Saοd). 3

 

N° 5 – Arbitration – Rights of defense – Notification of the date of the hearings in person – Driving to jail – Authority of the arbitrator (No) – State Tribunal – Mission – Control of the validity of the award – Article 800 CCP – Limitative – Control of the motivation (No). (C. Cass, 5th ch., n° 107/2008, 31/7/2008, Antoine Edouard el Khoury Saοd / Wahib Nemr).

 

N° 6 – Commercial agency – By-law n° 34/67 – Commercial agent – Determination – Competence – Capacity – Examination of the content of the contract – Exchanges of correspondence – Arbitration clause – Autorisation – Non application of by-law n° 34/67 – Incompetence of the state courts. (Tribunal of first instance of Beirut, 4Th ch, n° 221/2007 of 16/10/2008, Al Bunian group / ABB)

 

N° 7 – Arbitration – Award – Exequatur – Case – Competent authority – Competence – Determination of the demand. (President of the 3rd chamber delegated by the court of appeal of beirut, n° 1453/2008 of 13/11/2008, Wahib Amin el Chami / Moustapha el Chami).

 

N° 48

 

B – CASE-LAW

 

FRENCH SECTION

 

ARAB CASE – LAW

 

TUNISIA :

 

N° 1- Arbitration – Internationality – Qualification of its own motion - Preeminence of the qualification done by the arbitrators – Criteria of internationality – Legal status of the guarantor towards the proceedings and the award -

(Cass. civ. 3rd ch., case n° 4674, 18/1/2007 Magic Life Tunisia /SIPET).                                      

 

N°2– Internationality – Qualification of its own motion – Criteria of internationality – Guaranty on first demand – Taken into account by the establishment of the guarantor in the qualification of the arbitration.

(Cass. civ., 1rst ch., n° 13427, 14/1/2008, Magic Life Tunisia and Magic Life Dar Club International Hotel Patrips / SIPET – International touristic Promotion Comp).

 

 

N° 49

 

 

 

CASE LAW

 

I – LEBANESE CASE LAW

 

N°1– Arbitral Clause – Nullity of the main convention and the arbitral clause – Competence of the arbitrator to settle his competence – Extent of arbitrator’s competence.

(Trib. first inst. Mount-Lebanon, 6th ch., 27/11/2008, Saοd Zaarour / Jamal El Mawla).

 

N°2– Arbitration – Contradictory principle – Obligation of the Arbitration to comply with the principle – Effect of the nature of the arbitration (No) – Violation of the contradictory principle by the third arbitrator.

(Trib. prem. inst. Beirut, n° 37 of 27/10/2008, heirs of Abdo Aziz / Engineer N.G.).

 

N°3– Arbitrator – Challenge – Ignorance of engineering matters – Ground for challenge (No) – Arbitral clause – Breach – Competence of the arbitrator – Does not lead to the nullity of the arbitral clause.

(Trib. prem. inst. Beirut, 1st ch., n° 33 of 20/10/2008, Engeneer M.B. / « Sirθne Towers » SAL Co.).

 

N°4– Appointment of the arbitrator – Capacity – Determination – Arbitral clause – Statute of limitation of the main contract – Effect on the arbitral clause – Arbitral clause attached to the main contract – Interruption of the statute of limitation – The time-limit runs starting when the obligation is due – Incident that effects the time-limit of the statute of limitation – Moral impossibility – Sovereign appreciation – Introduction of a lawsuit before the Tribunal of First Instance – Interruption of the time-limit of the statute of limitation until the rendering of a judgment by the Court of Cassation – Means of appointment of the arbitrator – Validity of his appointment in person or in his capacity – Judicial request of appointment – Competence of the President of the Tribunal of First Instance – Competence-competence – Role of assistance of the judge to accomplish parties’ will.

(Pdt. Trib. first inst. Beirut., 1st ch., n° 13/63, of 22/4/2009, Maξtre Salah Aziz / Yahya Chamas).